Paper 'Housework and Parenthood: What a Difference a Child Makes' presented by Tom Emery at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (PAA), Washington D.C., 31 March - 2 April 2016.
Session 181 Household Division of Labor.
Alzbeta Bartova & Tom Emery (NIDI/EUR).
Recent research has shown signs of a recovery in union stability (Raley and Bumpass, 2003) and fertility in Europe (Myrskala et al, 2013). It has been suggested that this recovery is led by couples that have adopted gender equality within their relationship and are able to maintain it after the transition to parenthood (Esping-Andersen and Billari, 2015). In this paper we examine the extent to which the distribution of housework changes in a couple with the arrival of a first child and the degree to which this is in turn associated with relationship satisfaction and the couples intentions to have more children. We use longitudinal, comparative data for 6 European Countries from the Generations and Gender Programme. The results show that those couples who were able to maintain gender equality after the birth had higher levels of relationship satisfaction and were most likely to intend to have another child.