DescriptionIn 1978, preceding the Sino-Vietnamese Border War (also called the Third Indochinese War), hundreds of thousands ethnic Chinese from Vietnam were forced to leave the country. Many of them chose to return to China. Chinese authorities resettled them in numerous Huaqiao Nongchang in different provinces. While many soon after tried to leave China via way of seafaring to Macau or Hongkong, the majority of Vietnamese Huaqiao remained in these Nongchang until they find opportunities to be a part of Chinese society. After China and Vietnam normalized political relation and resumed border trade in 1991, many Vietnamese Huaqiao moved to border towns near the Sino-Vietnamese border to work as interpreters, tour guides, traders, or start business in townships along the Sino-Vietnamese border. This paper draws on the finding of my larger research project on the social memory of the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese border war in China and Vietnam using ethnographic fieldwork and oral history research method. It examines the social memory among the Vietnamese Huaqiao in Hekou township of Honghe prefecture in Yunnan province in China and in Lao Cai city, Vietnam about the war as well as the way in which they perceived their identity as Vietnamese Chinese in China and Chinese Vietnamese in Vietnam.
|Period||16 Mar 2021|
|Degree of Recognition||International|