Data compilation of soil respiration, moisture, and temperature measurements from global warming experiments from 1994-2014

  • Joanna C. Carey (Creator)
  • Jianwu Tang (Creator)
  • Pamela H. Templer (Creator)
  • Kevin D. Kroeger (Creator)
  • Thomas W. Crowther (Creator)
  • Andrew J. Burton (Creator)
  • Jeffrey S. Dukes (Creator)
  • Bridget Emmett (Creator)
  • Serita D. Frey (Creator)
  • Mary A. Heskel (Creator)
  • Lifen Jiang (Creator)
  • Megan B. Machmuller (Creator)
  • Jacqueline E. Mohan (Creator)
  • Anne Marie Panetta (Creator)
  • P.B. Reich (Creator)
  • X. Wang (Creator)
  • Steven D. Allison (Creator)
  • Chris Bamminger (Creator)
  • Scott Bridgham (Creator)
  • Scott L. Collins (Creator)
  • Giovanbattista de Dato (Creator)
  • William C. Eddy (Creator)
  • Brian J. Enquist (Creator)
  • Marc Estiarte (Creator)
  • John Harte (Creator)
  • Amanda Henderson (Creator)
  • Bart R. Johnson (Creator)
  • Klaus Steenberg Larsen (Creator)
  • Yiqi Luo (Creator)
  • Sven Marhan (Creator)
  • Jerry M. Melillo (Creator)
  • Josep Peñuelas (Creator)
  • Laurel Pfeifer-Meister (Creator)
  • Christian Poll (Creator)
  • Edward Rastetter (Creator)
  • Andrew B. Reinmann (Creator)
  • Lorien L. Reynolds (Creator)
  • Inger K. Schmidt (Creator)
  • Gaius R. Shaver (Creator)
  • Aaron L. Strong (Creator)
  • Vidya Suseela (Creator)
  • Albert Tietema (Creator)



This dataset is the largest global dataset to date of soil respiration, moisture, and temperature measurements, totaling >3800 observations representing 27 temperature manipulation studies, spanning nine biomes and nearly two decades of warming experiments. Data for this study were obtained from a combination of unpublished data and published literature values. We find that although warming increases soil respiration rates, there is limited evidence for a shifting respiration response with experimental warming. We also note a universal decline in the temperature sensitivity of respiration at soil temperatures >25°C. This dataset includes 3817 observations, from control (n=1812), first (i.e., lowest or sole) level warming (n=1812), second (higher) level warming (n=179, four studies), and third-level warming (n=14, one study). Experiment locations ranged from 33.5 to 68.4 degrees N latitude and the duration of warming at experiments ranged from <1 to 22 years (average 5.1 years). Depths of soil temperature (1-10 cm) and moisture measurements (5-30) ranged across studies, but were always consistent between warmed and control plots within a particular study. Each site was classified into a particular biome (grassland, northern shrubland (i.e., peatlands and heathlands), southern shrubland (i.e., Mediterranean or sub-tropical shrublands)), tundra, desert, meadow, temperate agriculture, temperate forest and boreal forest) by the associated principal investigator (PI).
Date made available2016
Temporal coverage1994 - 2014
Date of data production2014

Dataset type

  • Processed data
  • Temperature response of soil respiration largely unaltered with experimental warming

    Carey, J. C., Tang, J., Templer, P. H., Kroeger, K. D., Crowther, T. W., Burton, A. J., Dukes, J. S., Emmett, B., Frey, S. D., Heskel, M. A., Jiang, L., Machmuller, M. B., Mohan, J., Panetta, A. M., Reich, P. B., Reinsch, S., Wang, X., Allison, S. D., Bamminger, C., Bridgham, S., & 23 othersCollins, S. L., de Dato, G., Eddy, W. C., Enquist, B. J., Estiarte, M., Harte, J., Henderson, A., Johnson, B. R., Larsen, K. S., Luo, Y., Marhan, S., Melillo, J. M., Peñuelas, J., Pfeifer-Meister, L., Poll, C., Rastetter, E., Reinmann, A. B., Reynolds, L. L., Schmidt, I. K., Shaver, G. R., Strong, A. L., Suseela, V. & Tietema, A., 2016, In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 113, 48, p. 13797-13802

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Open Access
    321 Citations (Scopus)
    95 Downloads (Pure)

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