A 6-item scale for overall, emotional and social loneliness: confirmatory tests on survey data

J. de Jong Gierveld, T. van Tilburg

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Loneliness is an indicator of social well-being and pertains to the feeling of missing an intimate relationship (emotional loneliness) or missing a wider social network (social loneliness). The 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale has proved to be a valid and reliable measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness, although its length has sometimes rendered it difficult to use in large surveys. In this study, the authors empirically tested a shortened version of the scale on data from two surveys (N = 9,448). Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the specification of two latent factors. Congruent validity and the relationship with determinants (partner status, health) proved to be optimal. The 6-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument for overall, emotional, and social loneliness that is suitable for large surveys.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-598
JournalResearch on Aging
Volume28
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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