A View of the Occupational Structure in Imperial and Republican China (1640–1952)

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Abstract

Despite being considered a prime indicator of economic change, the occupational structure does not figure prominently in the debate regarding the economic development of early modern China. One reason is the virtual absence of occupational data before the start of the twentieth century. In this paper, we make a first attempt to sketch the occupational structure between ca. 1640 and 1952 using a variety of unique and rather fragmented occupational sources. We find that the share of persons working in agriculture remained stable until the mid‐nineteenth century, with the share in industry showing some growth thereafter.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134
Number of pages158
JournalAustralian Economic History Review
Volume59
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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