Adenoviral vector-mediated gene delivery to injured rat peripheral nerve

Paul A Dijkhuizen, R Jeroen Pasterkamp, W.T.J.M.C. Hermens, F de Winter, Roman J Giger, J Verhaagen

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Although much progress has been made, current treatments of peripheral nerve damage mostly result in only partial recovery. Local production of neurite outgrowth-promoting molecules, such as neurotrophins and/or cell adhesion molecules, at the site of damage may be used as a new means to promote the regeneration process. We have now explored the ability of an adenoviral vector encoding the reporter gene LacZ (Ad-LacZ) to direct the expression of a foreign gene to Schwann cells of intact and crushed rat sciatic nerves. Infusion of 8 x 10(7) PFU Ad-LacZ in the intact sciatic nerve resulted in the transduction of many Schwann cells with high levels of transgene expression lasting at least up to 12 days following viral vector administration. The efficacy of adenoviral vector delivery to a crushed nerve was investigated using three strategies. Injection of the adenoviral vector at the time of, or immediately after, a crush resulted in the transduction of only a few Schwann cells. Administration of the adenoviral vector the day after the crush resulted in the transduction of a similar number of Schwann cells 5 days after administration, as observed in uncrushed nerves. Regenerating nerve fibers were closely associated with beta-galactosidase-positive Schwann cells, indicating that the capacity of transduced Schwann cells to guide regenerating fibers was not altered. These results imply that the expression of growth-promoting proteins through adenoviral vector-mediated gene transfer may be a realistic option to promote peripheral nerve regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)387-97
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume15
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1998

Keywords

  • Adenoviridae
  • Animals
  • Gene Transfer Techniques
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Lac Operon
  • Male
  • Nerve Crush
  • Nerve Fibers
  • Nerve Regeneration
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Schwann Cells
  • Sciatic Nerve
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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