Angstcultuur en complotdenken tijdens het Bestand. De karaktermoord op Johan van Oldebarnevelt (1617-1619)

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Abstract

A remarkable public attack was launched against John of Oldenbarnevelt during the Dutch Truce Conflicts of 1609-1619, which culminated in his execution in May 1619. This article analyses the genesis and effectiveness of this early modern ‘character assassination’ of a leader of state. It argues that this attack derived its power from a carefully nourished, international, protestant culture of fear, in which the preservation of the Dutch Republic was deemed essential to the survival of protestantism as a whole. Two interconnected elements of this culture of fear played into the hands of Oldenbarnevelt’s opponents: the steady stream of international news to the Dutch Republic due to its new infrastructure of news, and the dominant conspiratorial mindset amongst the elite and the wider public alike.
Original languageEnglish
Article number23
Pages (from-to)230
Number of pages253
JournalTijdschrift voor geschiedenis
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Dutch Republic
  • Truce Period (1609-1621)
  • Johan van Oldenbarnevelt
  • character assassination
  • culture of fear

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