Berkchaetoazaphilone B has antimicrobial activity and affects energy metabolism

Xudong Ouyang, Jelmer Hoeksma, Gisela van der Velden, Wouter A G Beenker, Maria H van Triest, Boudewijn M T Burgering, Jeroen den Hertog

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Antimicrobial resistance has become one of the major threats to human health. Therefore, there is a strong need for novel antimicrobials with new mechanisms of action. The kingdom of fungi is an excellent source of antimicrobials for this purpose because it encompasses countless fungal species that harbor unusual metabolic pathways. Previously, we have established a library of secondary metabolites from 10,207 strains of fungi. Here, we screened for antimicrobial activity of the library against seven pathogenic bacterial strains and investigated the identity of the active compounds using ethyl acetate extraction, activity-directed purification using HPLC fractionation and chemical analyses. We initially found 280 antimicrobial strains and subsequently identified 17 structurally distinct compounds from 26 strains upon further analysis. All but one of these compounds, berkchaetoazaphilone B (BAB), were known to have antimicrobial activity. Here, we studied the antimicrobial properties of BAB, and found that BAB affected energy metabolism in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. We conclude that fungi are a rich source of chemically diverse secondary metabolites with antimicrobial activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18774
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2021


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