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Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. / Isbell, F.; Craven, D.; Connolly, J.; Loreau, M.; Schmid, B.; Beierkuhnlein, C.; Bezemer, T.M.; Bonin, C.; Bruelheide, H.; De Luca, E.; Ebeling, A.; Griffin, J.N.; Guo, Q.; Hautier, Y.; Hector, A.; Jentsch, A.; Kreyling, J.; Lanta, V.; Manning, P.; Meyer, S.T.; Mori, A.S.; Naeem, S.; Niklaus, P.A.; Polley, H.W.; Reich, P.B.; Roscher, C.; Seabloom, E.W.; Smith, M.D.; Thakur, M.P.; Tilman, D.; Tracy, B.F.; van der Putten, W.H.; van Ruijven, Jasper; Weigelt, A.; Weisser, W.W.; Wilsey, B. ; Eisenhauer, Nico.

In: Nature, Vol. 526, 2015, p. 574-577.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Isbell, F, Craven, D, Connolly, J, Loreau, M, Schmid, B, Beierkuhnlein, C, Bezemer, TM, Bonin, C, Bruelheide, H, De Luca, E, Ebeling, A, Griffin, JN, Guo, Q, Hautier, Y, Hector, A, Jentsch, A, Kreyling, J, Lanta, V, Manning, P, Meyer, ST, Mori, AS, Naeem, S, Niklaus, PA, Polley, HW, Reich, PB, Roscher, C, Seabloom, EW, Smith, MD, Thakur, MP, Tilman, D, Tracy, BF, van der Putten, WH, van Ruijven, J, Weigelt, A, Weisser, WW, Wilsey, B & Eisenhauer, N 2015, 'Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes' Nature, vol. 526, pp. 574-577. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature15374

APA

Isbell, F., Craven, D., Connolly, J., Loreau, M., Schmid, B., Beierkuhnlein, C., ... Eisenhauer, N. (2015). Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. Nature, 526, 574-577. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature15374

Vancouver

Isbell F, Craven D, Connolly J, Loreau M, Schmid B, Beierkuhnlein C et al. Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. Nature. 2015;526:574-577. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature15374

Author

Isbell, F. ; Craven, D. ; Connolly, J. ; Loreau, M. ; Schmid, B. ; Beierkuhnlein, C. ; Bezemer, T.M. ; Bonin, C. ; Bruelheide, H. ; De Luca, E. ; Ebeling, A. ; Griffin, J.N. ; Guo, Q. ; Hautier, Y. ; Hector, A. ; Jentsch, A. ; Kreyling, J. ; Lanta, V. ; Manning, P. ; Meyer, S.T. ; Mori, A.S. ; Naeem, S. ; Niklaus, P.A. ; Polley, H.W. ; Reich, P.B. ; Roscher, C. ; Seabloom, E.W. ; Smith, M.D. ; Thakur, M.P. ; Tilman, D. ; Tracy, B.F. ; van der Putten, W.H. ; van Ruijven, Jasper ; Weigelt, A. ; Weisser, W.W. ; Wilsey, B. ; Eisenhauer, Nico. / Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes. In: Nature. 2015 ; Vol. 526. pp. 574-577.

BibTeX

@article{b1485e877b92492baf80e35a75900e1f,
title = "Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes",
abstract = "It remains unclear whether biodiversity buffers ecosystems against climate extremes, which are becoming increasingly frequent worldwide1. Early results suggested that the ecosystem productivity of diverse grassland plant communities was more resistant, changing less during drought, and more resilient, recovering more quickly after drought, than that of depauperate communities2. However, subsequent experimental tests produced mixed results3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Here we use data from 46 experiments that manipulated grassland plant diversity to test whether biodiversity provides resistance during and resilience after climate events. We show that biodiversity increased ecosystem resistance for a broad range of climate events, including wet or dry, moderate or extreme, and brief or prolonged events. Across all studies and climate events, the productivity of low-diversity communities with one or two species changed by approximately 50{\%} during climate events, whereas that of high-diversity communities with 16–32 species was more resistant, changing by only approximately 25{\%}. By a year after each climate event, ecosystem productivity had often fully recovered, or overshot, normal levels of productivity in both high- and low-diversity communities, leading to no detectable dependence of ecosystem resilience on biodiversity. Our results suggest that biodiversity mainly stabilizes ecosystem productivity, and productivity-dependent ecosystem services, by increasing resistance to climate events. Anthropogenic environmental changes that drive biodiversity loss thus seem likely to decrease ecosystem stability14, and restoration of biodiversity to increase it, mainly by changing the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate events.",
keywords = "international",
author = "F. Isbell and D. Craven and J. Connolly and M. Loreau and B. Schmid and C. Beierkuhnlein and T.M. Bezemer and C. Bonin and H. Bruelheide and {De Luca}, E. and A. Ebeling and J.N. Griffin and Q. Guo and Y. Hautier and A. Hector and A. Jentsch and J. Kreyling and V. Lanta and P. Manning and S.T. Meyer and A.S. Mori and S. Naeem and P.A. Niklaus and H.W. Polley and P.B. Reich and C. Roscher and E.W. Seabloom and M.D. Smith and M.P. Thakur and D. Tilman and B.F. Tracy and {van der Putten}, W.H. and {van Ruijven}, Jasper and A. Weigelt and W.W. Weisser and B. Wilsey and Nico Eisenhauer",
note = "5904, TE; Data archiving: no data at nioo check authors",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1038/nature15374",
language = "English",
volume = "526",
pages = "574--577",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodiversity increases the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate extremes

AU - Isbell, F.

AU - Craven, D.

AU - Connolly, J.

AU - Loreau, M.

AU - Schmid, B.

AU - Beierkuhnlein, C.

AU - Bezemer, T.M.

AU - Bonin, C.

AU - Bruelheide, H.

AU - De Luca, E.

AU - Ebeling, A.

AU - Griffin, J.N.

AU - Guo, Q.

AU - Hautier, Y.

AU - Hector, A.

AU - Jentsch, A.

AU - Kreyling, J.

AU - Lanta, V.

AU - Manning, P.

AU - Meyer, S.T.

AU - Mori, A.S.

AU - Naeem, S.

AU - Niklaus, P.A.

AU - Polley, H.W.

AU - Reich, P.B.

AU - Roscher, C.

AU - Seabloom, E.W.

AU - Smith, M.D.

AU - Thakur, M.P.

AU - Tilman, D.

AU - Tracy, B.F.

AU - van der Putten, W.H.

AU - van Ruijven, Jasper

AU - Weigelt, A.

AU - Weisser, W.W.

AU - Wilsey, B.

AU - Eisenhauer, Nico

N1 - 5904, TE; Data archiving: no data at nioo check authors

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - It remains unclear whether biodiversity buffers ecosystems against climate extremes, which are becoming increasingly frequent worldwide1. Early results suggested that the ecosystem productivity of diverse grassland plant communities was more resistant, changing less during drought, and more resilient, recovering more quickly after drought, than that of depauperate communities2. However, subsequent experimental tests produced mixed results3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Here we use data from 46 experiments that manipulated grassland plant diversity to test whether biodiversity provides resistance during and resilience after climate events. We show that biodiversity increased ecosystem resistance for a broad range of climate events, including wet or dry, moderate or extreme, and brief or prolonged events. Across all studies and climate events, the productivity of low-diversity communities with one or two species changed by approximately 50% during climate events, whereas that of high-diversity communities with 16–32 species was more resistant, changing by only approximately 25%. By a year after each climate event, ecosystem productivity had often fully recovered, or overshot, normal levels of productivity in both high- and low-diversity communities, leading to no detectable dependence of ecosystem resilience on biodiversity. Our results suggest that biodiversity mainly stabilizes ecosystem productivity, and productivity-dependent ecosystem services, by increasing resistance to climate events. Anthropogenic environmental changes that drive biodiversity loss thus seem likely to decrease ecosystem stability14, and restoration of biodiversity to increase it, mainly by changing the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate events.

AB - It remains unclear whether biodiversity buffers ecosystems against climate extremes, which are becoming increasingly frequent worldwide1. Early results suggested that the ecosystem productivity of diverse grassland plant communities was more resistant, changing less during drought, and more resilient, recovering more quickly after drought, than that of depauperate communities2. However, subsequent experimental tests produced mixed results3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Here we use data from 46 experiments that manipulated grassland plant diversity to test whether biodiversity provides resistance during and resilience after climate events. We show that biodiversity increased ecosystem resistance for a broad range of climate events, including wet or dry, moderate or extreme, and brief or prolonged events. Across all studies and climate events, the productivity of low-diversity communities with one or two species changed by approximately 50% during climate events, whereas that of high-diversity communities with 16–32 species was more resistant, changing by only approximately 25%. By a year after each climate event, ecosystem productivity had often fully recovered, or overshot, normal levels of productivity in both high- and low-diversity communities, leading to no detectable dependence of ecosystem resilience on biodiversity. Our results suggest that biodiversity mainly stabilizes ecosystem productivity, and productivity-dependent ecosystem services, by increasing resistance to climate events. Anthropogenic environmental changes that drive biodiversity loss thus seem likely to decrease ecosystem stability14, and restoration of biodiversity to increase it, mainly by changing the resistance of ecosystem productivity to climate events.

KW - international

U2 - 10.1038/nature15374

DO - 10.1038/nature15374

M3 - Article

VL - 526

SP - 574

EP - 577

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

ER -

ID: 1419288