Botryosphaeriaceae as potential pathogens of prunus species in South Africa, with descriptions of Diplodia africana and Lasiodiplodia plurivora sp. nov

Ulrike Damm, Pedro W Crous, Paul H Fourie

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Botryosphaeriaceae are common dieback and canker pathogens of woody host plants, including stone fruit trees. In the present study the diversity of members of the Botryosphaeriaceae isolated from symptomatic wood of Prunus species (plum, peach, nectarine and apricot) was determined in stone fruit-growing areas in South Africa. Morphological and cultural characteristics as well as DNA sequence data (5.8S rDNA, ITS-1, ITS-2 and EF-1a) were used to identify known members and describe novel members of Botryosphaeriaceae. From the total number of wood samples collected (258) 67 isolates of Botryosphaeriaceae were obtained, from which eight species were identified. All species were associated with wood necrosis. Diplodia seriata (= "Botryosphaeria" obtusa) was dominant, and present on all four Prunus species sampled, followed by Neofusicoccum vitifusiforme and N. australe. First reports from Prunus spp. include N. vitifusiforme, Dothiorella viticola and Diplodia pinea. This is also the first report of D. mutila from South Africa. Two species are newly described, namely Lasiodiplodia plurivora sp. nov. from P. salicina and Diplodia africana sp. nov. from P. persica. All species, except Dothiorella viticola, caused lesions on green nectarine and/or plum shoots in a detached shoot pathogenicity assay.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)664-680
    Number of pages17
    JournalMycologia
    Volume99
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 14 Feb 2008

    Keywords

    • Ascomycota
    • Base Sequence
    • DNA, Fungal
    • DNA, Ribosomal Spacer
    • Microscopy, Interference
    • Molecular Sequence Data
    • Peptide Elongation Factor Tu
    • Phylogeny
    • Plant Diseases
    • Polymerase Chain Reaction
    • Prunus
    • RNA, Ribosomal, 5.8S
    • Sequence Alignment
    • Sequence Analysis, DNA
    • South Africa

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