Using a retirement arrangement does not necessarily mean that people retire fulltime.
The phenomenon of bridge employment, already studied in the US, becomes
increasingly popular among older adults in the Netherlands. The question is to what extent
bridge employment can be beneficial for well-being of older adults during the retirement
process, especially for older workers who are confronted with involuntary retirement. It is
often noted that involuntary retirement is detrimental for well-being. However, it can be
presumed that having a bridge job after this negative event can buffer the negative
consequences for well-being. Multilevel longitudinal random intercept models and fixed
effects models on the ‘NIDI Work and Retirement Panel’ data show that well-being is lower
for people who experienced their retirement as forced. However, forced retirees who regained
control over the retirement process by taking a bridge job do not seem to have lower levels of
well-being compared to workers still in their main career job.
KEYWORDS: subjective well-being ▪ bridge employment ▪ involuntary retirement ▪
multilevel longitudinal models