Chapter 5. Language change caught in the act: A case study of t-deletion in Frisian relative pronouns

J.E. Dijkstra, W.J. Heeringa, E. Yilmaz, H. van den Heuvel, D. van Leeuwen, Hans Van de Velde

Research output: Chapter in book/volumeChapterScientificpeer-review


This study investigates t-deletion in Frisian relative pronouns in a corpus of Frisian radio broadcasts (1966-2015), collected for training and testing a bilingual Dutch-Frisian speech recognition system. This corpus is not constructed to study language variation and change, and its limitations for that type of study will be discussed. The analyses show that until the 1970s the younger generation lead the rise of clitic /t/ in these relative pronouns, a change that was first observed at the end of the 19th century. From the 1980s onwards they reverse this change and start leading deletion of that clitic /t/. Additionally, t-deletion occurs most in non-scripted, spontaneous speech. It does not seem to play a role whether the speaker is a presenter or an interviewee/guest.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLanguage Variation- European Perspectives VII: Selected papers from the Ninth International Conference on Language Variation in Europe (ICLaVE 9)
EditorsJuan-Andrés Villena-Ponsoda, Francisco Díaz-Montesinos, Antonio-Manuel Ávila-Muñoz, Matilde Vica-Castro
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing
ISBN (Print)9789027204172
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameStudies in Language Variation


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