Circadian control of glucose metabolism

A. Kalsbeek, Susanne la Fleur, Eric Fliers

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

The incidence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has risen to epidemic proportions. The pathophysiology of T2DM is complex and involves insulin resistance, pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and visceral adiposity. It has been known for decades that a disruption of biological rhythms (which happens the most profoundly with shift work) increases the risk of developing obesity and T2DM. Recent evidence from basal studies has further sparked interest in the involvement of daily rhythms (and their disruption) in the development of obesity and T2DM. Most living organisms have molecular clocks in almost every tissue, which govern rhythmicity in many domains of physiology, such as rest/activity rhythms, feeding/fasting rhythms, and hormonal secretion. Here we present the latest research describing the specific role played by the molecular clock mechanism in the control of glucose metabolism and speculate on how disruption of these tissue clocks may lead to the disturbances in glucose homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-83
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Metabolism
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

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