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Commensal foraging with Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii doubles instantaneous intake rate of Common Pochards Aythya ferina. / Gyimesi, A.; van Lith, B.; Nolet, B.A.

In: Ardea, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2012, p. 55-62.

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@article{62354bf6c88e45b2bc18b2ad282bc866,
title = "Commensal foraging with Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii doubles instantaneous intake rate of Common Pochards Aythya ferina",
abstract = "Aquatically foraging Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii have been repeatedly reported to be accompanied by diving ducks, but the exact nature of this relationship is unclear. Based on field observations, we found a strong correlation between the number of foraging swans and the number of foraging Common Pochards Aythya ferina and Tufted Ducks Aythya fuligula at our study site (Lauwersmeer, the Netherlands), with the median ratio being close to one diving duck per swan. To determine whether the association was kleptoparasitic or commensal, we measured in a series of experimental trials the instantaneous intake rates of Bewick’s Swans and Common Pochards when foraging alone and when foraging together. On average, pochards in company with a swan attained twice the instantaneous intake rate as compared with foraging alone. This was mainly due to gleaning food items that floated away as a result of the swan’s trampling activity, and was not due to stealing: in fact, food intake rates of swans were not affected by the presence of a pochard.",
keywords = "NIOO",
author = "A. Gyimesi and {van Lith}, B. and B.A. Nolet",
note = "Reporting year: 2012 Metis note: 5250; WAG; AnE",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.5253/078.100.0109",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "55--62",
journal = "Ardea",
issn = "0373-2266",
publisher = "Nederlandse Ornithologische Unie",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Commensal foraging with Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii doubles instantaneous intake rate of Common Pochards Aythya ferina

AU - Gyimesi,A.

AU - van Lith,B.

AU - Nolet,B.A.

N1 - Reporting year: 2012 Metis note: 5250; WAG; AnE

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Aquatically foraging Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii have been repeatedly reported to be accompanied by diving ducks, but the exact nature of this relationship is unclear. Based on field observations, we found a strong correlation between the number of foraging swans and the number of foraging Common Pochards Aythya ferina and Tufted Ducks Aythya fuligula at our study site (Lauwersmeer, the Netherlands), with the median ratio being close to one diving duck per swan. To determine whether the association was kleptoparasitic or commensal, we measured in a series of experimental trials the instantaneous intake rates of Bewick’s Swans and Common Pochards when foraging alone and when foraging together. On average, pochards in company with a swan attained twice the instantaneous intake rate as compared with foraging alone. This was mainly due to gleaning food items that floated away as a result of the swan’s trampling activity, and was not due to stealing: in fact, food intake rates of swans were not affected by the presence of a pochard.

AB - Aquatically foraging Bewick’s Swans Cygnus bewickii have been repeatedly reported to be accompanied by diving ducks, but the exact nature of this relationship is unclear. Based on field observations, we found a strong correlation between the number of foraging swans and the number of foraging Common Pochards Aythya ferina and Tufted Ducks Aythya fuligula at our study site (Lauwersmeer, the Netherlands), with the median ratio being close to one diving duck per swan. To determine whether the association was kleptoparasitic or commensal, we measured in a series of experimental trials the instantaneous intake rates of Bewick’s Swans and Common Pochards when foraging alone and when foraging together. On average, pochards in company with a swan attained twice the instantaneous intake rate as compared with foraging alone. This was mainly due to gleaning food items that floated away as a result of the swan’s trampling activity, and was not due to stealing: in fact, food intake rates of swans were not affected by the presence of a pochard.

KW - NIOO

U2 - 10.5253/078.100.0109

DO - 10.5253/078.100.0109

M3 - Article

VL - 100

SP - 55

EP - 62

JO - Ardea

T2 - Ardea

JF - Ardea

SN - 0373-2266

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 97436