Comparative studies on the disease prevalence and population dynamics of ginger blotch and brown blotch pathogens of button mushrooms

Tanvi Taparia, Ed Hendrix, Marc Hendriks, Marjon Krijger, Wietse De Boer, Jan Van der Wolf (Corresponding author)

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Abstract

Bacterial blotch is one of the most economically important diseases of button 'mushroom. Knowledge ofmechanisms of disease expression, inoculum thresholds, and disease management is limited to the most wellknown pathogen, Pseudomonas tolaasii. Recent outbreaks in Europe have been attributed to 'P. gingeri' and P. salomonii for ginger and brown blotch, respectively. Information about their identity, infection dynamics, and pathogenicity is largely lacking. The disease pressure in an experimental mushroom cultivation facility was evaluated for 'P. gingeri' and P. salomonii over varying inoculation densities, casing soil types, environmental humidity, and cultivation cycles. The pathogen population structures in the casing soils were simultaneously tracked across the cropping cycle using highly specific and sensitive TaqMan-quantitative PCR assays. 'P. gingeri' caused disease outbreaks at lower inoculum thresholds (104 CFU/g) in the soil than P. salomonii (105 CFU/g). Ginger blotch generically declined in later harvest cycles, although brown blotch did not. Casing soils were differentially suppressive to blotch diseases, based on their composition and supplementation. Endemic pathogen populations increased across the cultivation cycle although the inoculated pathogen populations were consistent between the first and second flush. In conclusion, 'P. gingeri' and P. salomonii have unique infection and population dynamics that vary over soil types. Their endemic populations are also differently abundant in peatbased casing soils. This knowledge is essential for interpreting diagnostic results from screening mushroom farms and designing localized disease control strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)542-547
Number of pages6
JournalPlant Disease
Volume105
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Agaricus bisporus
  • Casing soil
  • Dose response
  • Pathogenicity
  • Pseudomonas 'gingeri'
  • Pseudomonas salomonii
  • Soil inoculum
  • Soil-borne pathogens
  • TaqMan-qPCR
  • national
  • Plan_S-Compliant_OA

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