Constant growth rate can be supported by decreasing energy flux and increasing aerobic glycolysis

Nikolai Slavov, Bogdan A Budnik, David Schwab, Edoardo M Airoldi, Alexander van Oudenaarden

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)


Fermenting glucose in the presence of enough oxygen to support respiration, known as aerobic glycolysis, is believed to maximize growth rate. We observed increasing aerobic glycolysis during exponential growth, suggesting additional physiological roles for aerobic glycolysis. We investigated such roles in yeast batch cultures by quantifying O2 consumption, CO2 production, amino acids, mRNAs, proteins, posttranslational modifications, and stress sensitivity in the course of nine doublings at constant rate. During this course, the cells support a constant biomass-production rate with decreasing rates of respiration and ATP production but also decrease their stress resistance. As the respiration rate decreases, so do the levels of enzymes catalyzing rate-determining reactions of the tricarboxylic-acid cycle (providing NADH for respiration) and of mitochondrial folate-mediated NADPH production (required for oxidative defense). The findings demonstrate that exponential growth can represent not a single metabolic/physiological state but a continuum of changing states and that aerobic glycolysis can reduce the energy demands associated with respiratory metabolism and stress survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-14
Number of pages10
JournalCell Reports
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 08 May 2014


  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Batch Cell Culture Techniques
  • Biomass
  • Citric Acid Cycle
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Glycolysis
  • Mitochondria
  • NADP
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Transcription Factors


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