Control of Epithelial Cell Migration and Invasion by the IKKbeta- and CK1alpha-Mediated Degradation of RAPGEF2

R. Magliozzi, T.Y. Low, B.G. Weijts, T. Cheng, E. Spanjaard, S. Mohammed, A. Veen, H. Ovaa, J. de Rooij, F.J. Zwartkruis, J.L. Bos, A. de Bruin, A.J.R. Heck, D. Guardavaccaro

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Epithelial cell migration is crucial for the development and regeneration of epithelial tissues. Aberrant regulation of epithelial cell migration has a major role in pathological processes such as the development of cancer metastasis and tissue fibrosis. Here, we report that in response to factors that promote cell motility, the Rap guanine exchange factor RAPGEF2 is rapidly phosphorylated by I-kappa-B-kinase-beta and casein kinase-1alpha and consequently degraded by the proteasome via the SCF(betaTrCP) ubiquitin ligase. Failure to degrade RAPGEF2 in epithelial cells results in sustained activity of Rap1 and inhibition of cell migration induced by HGF, a potent metastatic factor. Furthermore, expression of a degradation-resistant RAPGEF2 mutant greatly suppresses dissemination and metastasis of human breast cancer cells. These findings reveal a molecular mechanism regulating migration and invasion of epithelial cells and establish a key direct link between IKKbeta and cell motility controlled by Rap-integrin signaling.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-585
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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