Controlling cyanobacterial blooms through effective flocculation and sedimentation with combined use of flocculants and phosphorus adsorbing natural soil and modified clay

Natalia Pessoa Noyma, Leonardo de Magalhães, Luciana Lima Furtado, Maíra Mucci, Frank van Oosterhout, Vera L.M. Huszar, Marcelo Manzi Marinho, Miquel Lürling

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Abstract

Abstract Eutrophication often results in blooms of toxic cyanobacteria that hamper the use of lakes and reservoirs. In this paper, we experimentally evaluated the efficacy of a metal salt (poly-aluminium chloride, PAC) and chitosan, alone and combined with different doses of the lanthanum modified bentonite Phoslock® (LMB) or local red soil (LRS) to sediment positively buoyant cyanobacteria from Funil Reservoir, Brazil, (22°30′S, 44°45′W). We also tested the effect of calcium peroxide (CaO2) on suspended and settled cyanobacterial photosystem efficiency, and evaluated the soluble reactive P (SRP) adsorbing capacity of both LMB and LRS under oxic and anoxic conditions. Our data showed that buoyant cyanobacteria could be flocked and effectively precipitated using a combination of PAC or chitosan with LMB or LRS. The SRP sorption capacity of LMB was higher than that of LRS. The maximum P adsorption was lowered under anoxic conditions especially for LRS ballast. CaO2 addition impaired photosystem efficiency at 1 mg L−1 or higher and killed precipitated cyanobacteria at 4 mg L−1 or higher. A drawback was that oxygen production from the peroxide gave positive buoyancy again to the settled flocs. Therefore, further experimentations with slow release pellets are recommended.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-38
JournalWater Research
Volume97
Early online date08 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Cyanobacteria bloom
  • Eutrophication control
  • Geo-engineering in lakes
  • Lake restoration
  • Local red soil
  • Phosphorus mitigation
  • international

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