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Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic. / Flach, E.; De Bruin, W.

In: Journal of Sea Research, Vol. 42, No. 4, 1999, p. 303-323.

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Harvard

Flach, E & De Bruin, W 1999, 'Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic' Journal of Sea Research, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 303-323. DOI: 10.1016/S1385-1101(99)00034-9

APA

Vancouver

Flach E, De Bruin W. Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic. Journal of Sea Research. 1999;42(4):303-323. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/S1385-1101(99)00034-9

Author

Flach, E. ; De Bruin, W./ Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic. In: Journal of Sea Research. 1999 ; Vol. 42, No. 4. pp. 303-323

BibTeX

@article{b86e53be064647ed93ede131adb57ae4,
title = "Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic",
abstract = "Different estimates were used to assess the diversity of the total macrofauna and its major taxonomic groups separately from a broad bathymetric range at a site in the NE Atlantic. In the Goban Spur region, a transect was sampled from the shelf to the abyssal plain over a depth range from similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m and in the Porcupine Sea Eight two stations were sampled (at 3670 In and 4115 In). Species diversity (the number of species per number of individuals) increased with increasing water depth. both when expressed as Hurlbzrt's E(S-n) and as Shannon's H' log e. The expected number of species in a 100- individual sample E(S-100) of total macrofauna increased from 30 on the shelf to 68 on the abyssal plain. Evenness (the proportional abundance of species), estimated with Shannon's J', also increased with water depth from 0.66 to 0.91, whereas dominance (Simpson's D) decreased from 0.09 to 0.01. Species richness (the number of species per unit of area). however, showed a parabolic pattern with a peak at the upper slope. The largest number of species was found at the slope station at 1425 m (232 species within 0.66 m(2)). It is argued that species richness is not a synonym of species diversity, but that species richness depends both on species density (which decreases with increasing water depth) and on species diversity. Across the whole bathymetric range (similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m) a total of 696 species within 8327 specimens in a total sampled area of 4.12 m(2) were counted, yielding mean values of similar to 12 individuals per species and similar to 169 species pet m(2). Different communities were found to exist on the shelf, slope and abyss. It is suggested that this could have been caused by different selection processes. Differences in life-history strategies and organic- matter supply could (at least partly) explain the different community structures and diversity patterns found along the depth gradient. [KEYWORDS: macrobenthos; biodiversity; continental slope;diversity indices; deep sea; NE Atlantic Sea species-diversity; deep-sea; richness; macrofauna; sediment; size]",
author = "E. Flach and {De Bruin}, W.",
note = "Reporting year: 1999 Metis note: 2570; CEME; ES; file:///L:/Endnotedatabases/NIOOPUB/pdfs/Pdfs1999/Flach_ea_2570.pdf",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1016/S1385-1101(99)00034-9",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "303--323",
journal = "Journal of Sea Research",
issn = "1385-1101",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Diversity patterns in macrobenthos across a continental slope in the NE Atlantic

AU - Flach,E.

AU - De Bruin,W.

N1 - Reporting year: 1999 Metis note: 2570; CEME; ES; file:///L:/Endnotedatabases/NIOOPUB/pdfs/Pdfs1999/Flach_ea_2570.pdf

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Different estimates were used to assess the diversity of the total macrofauna and its major taxonomic groups separately from a broad bathymetric range at a site in the NE Atlantic. In the Goban Spur region, a transect was sampled from the shelf to the abyssal plain over a depth range from similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m and in the Porcupine Sea Eight two stations were sampled (at 3670 In and 4115 In). Species diversity (the number of species per number of individuals) increased with increasing water depth. both when expressed as Hurlbzrt's E(S-n) and as Shannon's H' log e. The expected number of species in a 100- individual sample E(S-100) of total macrofauna increased from 30 on the shelf to 68 on the abyssal plain. Evenness (the proportional abundance of species), estimated with Shannon's J', also increased with water depth from 0.66 to 0.91, whereas dominance (Simpson's D) decreased from 0.09 to 0.01. Species richness (the number of species per unit of area). however, showed a parabolic pattern with a peak at the upper slope. The largest number of species was found at the slope station at 1425 m (232 species within 0.66 m(2)). It is argued that species richness is not a synonym of species diversity, but that species richness depends both on species density (which decreases with increasing water depth) and on species diversity. Across the whole bathymetric range (similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m) a total of 696 species within 8327 specimens in a total sampled area of 4.12 m(2) were counted, yielding mean values of similar to 12 individuals per species and similar to 169 species pet m(2). Different communities were found to exist on the shelf, slope and abyss. It is suggested that this could have been caused by different selection processes. Differences in life-history strategies and organic- matter supply could (at least partly) explain the different community structures and diversity patterns found along the depth gradient. [KEYWORDS: macrobenthos; biodiversity; continental slope;diversity indices; deep sea; NE Atlantic Sea species-diversity; deep-sea; richness; macrofauna; sediment; size]

AB - Different estimates were used to assess the diversity of the total macrofauna and its major taxonomic groups separately from a broad bathymetric range at a site in the NE Atlantic. In the Goban Spur region, a transect was sampled from the shelf to the abyssal plain over a depth range from similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m and in the Porcupine Sea Eight two stations were sampled (at 3670 In and 4115 In). Species diversity (the number of species per number of individuals) increased with increasing water depth. both when expressed as Hurlbzrt's E(S-n) and as Shannon's H' log e. The expected number of species in a 100- individual sample E(S-100) of total macrofauna increased from 30 on the shelf to 68 on the abyssal plain. Evenness (the proportional abundance of species), estimated with Shannon's J', also increased with water depth from 0.66 to 0.91, whereas dominance (Simpson's D) decreased from 0.09 to 0.01. Species richness (the number of species per unit of area). however, showed a parabolic pattern with a peak at the upper slope. The largest number of species was found at the slope station at 1425 m (232 species within 0.66 m(2)). It is argued that species richness is not a synonym of species diversity, but that species richness depends both on species density (which decreases with increasing water depth) and on species diversity. Across the whole bathymetric range (similar to 200 to similar to 4500 m) a total of 696 species within 8327 specimens in a total sampled area of 4.12 m(2) were counted, yielding mean values of similar to 12 individuals per species and similar to 169 species pet m(2). Different communities were found to exist on the shelf, slope and abyss. It is suggested that this could have been caused by different selection processes. Differences in life-history strategies and organic- matter supply could (at least partly) explain the different community structures and diversity patterns found along the depth gradient. [KEYWORDS: macrobenthos; biodiversity; continental slope;diversity indices; deep sea; NE Atlantic Sea species-diversity; deep-sea; richness; macrofauna; sediment; size]

U2 - 10.1016/S1385-1101(99)00034-9

DO - 10.1016/S1385-1101(99)00034-9

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 303

EP - 323

JO - Journal of Sea Research

T2 - Journal of Sea Research

JF - Journal of Sea Research

SN - 1385-1101

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 362886