The first descriptions of ageing macula disorder (AMD), be it under other names, appeared in 1855 and 1868. The earliest accounts of AMD linked the presence of drusen with visual loss. It took a century before these connections between drusen and AMD were generally accepted by medical science and in clinical articles. The first signs of AMD appear in the region of the choriocapillaris, Bruch's membrane and the retinal pigment epithelium. The pathogenesis of drusen and of AMD is still uncertain. This is reflected in the wide variation in nomenclature of both, since the first publications.Eye advance online publication, 9 February 2018; doi:10.1038/eye.2017.298.
- Journal Article