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Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems. / Garratt, Michael P. D. (Corresponding author); Bommarco, Riccardo; Kleijn, David; Martin, E.; Mortimer, S.R.; Redlich, Sarah; Senapathi, Deepa; Steffan-Dewenter, I.; Świtek, Stanisław; Takács, Viktória; van Gils, S.; van der Putten, W.H.; Potts, Simon G.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 21, 2018, p. 1404-1415.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Garratt, MPD, Bommarco, R, Kleijn, D, Martin, E, Mortimer, SR, Redlich, S, Senapathi, D, Steffan-Dewenter, I, Świtek, S, Takács, V, van Gils, S, van der Putten, WH & Potts, SG 2018, 'Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems' Ecosystems, vol. 21, pp. 1404-1415. DOI: 10.1007/s1002

APA

Garratt, M. P. D., Bommarco, R., Kleijn, D., Martin, E., Mortimer, S. R., Redlich, S., ... Potts, S. G. (2018). Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems. Ecosystems, 21, 1404-1415. DOI: 10.1007/s1002

Vancouver

Garratt MPD, Bommarco R, Kleijn D, Martin E, Mortimer SR, Redlich S et al. Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems. Ecosystems. 2018;21:1404-1415. Available from, DOI: 10.1007/s1002

Author

Garratt, Michael P. D. ; Bommarco, Riccardo ; Kleijn, David ; Martin, E. ; Mortimer, S.R. ; Redlich, Sarah ; Senapathi, Deepa ; Steffan-Dewenter, I. ; Świtek, Stanisław ; Takács, Viktória ; van Gils, S. ; van der Putten, W.H. ; Potts, Simon G./ Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems. In: Ecosystems. 2018 ; Vol. 21. pp. 1404-1415

BibTeX

@article{8d494c12e0f14e0fa0064cb07c8b65a7,
title = "Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems",
abstract = "Soil organic matter (SOM) is declining in most agricultural ecosystems, impacting multiple ecosystem services including erosion and flood prevention, climate and greenhouse gas regulation as well as other services that underpin crop production, such as nutrient cycling and pest control. Ecological intensification aims to enhance crop productivity by including regulating and supporting ecosystem service management into agricultural practices. We investigate the potential for increased SOM to support the ecological intensification of arable systems by reducing the need for nitrogen fertiliser application and pest control. Using a large-scale European field trial implemented across 84 fields in 5 countries, we tested whether increased SOM (using soil organic carbon as a proxy) helps recover yield in the absence of conventional nitrogen fertiliser and whether this also supports crops less favourable to key aphid pests. Greater SOM increased yield by 10{\%}, but did not offset nitrogen fertiliser application entirely, which improved yield by 30{\%}. Crop pest responses depended on species: Metopolophium dirhodum were more abundant in fertilised plots with high crop biomass, and although population growth rates of Sitobion avenae were enhanced by nitrogen fertiliser application in a cage trial, field populations were not affected. We conclude that under increased SOM and reduced fertiliser application, pest pressure can be reduced, while partially compensating for yield deficits linked to fertiliser reduction. If the benefits of reduced fertiliser application and increased SOM are considered in a wider environmental context, then a yield cost may become acceptable. Maintaining or increasing SOM is critical for achieving ecological intensification of European cereal production.",
keywords = "international",
author = "Garratt, {Michael P. D.} and Riccardo Bommarco and David Kleijn and E. Martin and S.R. Mortimer and Sarah Redlich and Deepa Senapathi and I. Steffan-Dewenter and Stanisław Świtek and Vikt{\'o}ria Tak{\'a}cs and {van Gils}, S. and {van der Putten}, W.H. and Potts, {Simon G.}",
note = "6494, TE; Data archiving: data archived at University of Reading",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s1002",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "1404--1415",
journal = "Ecosystems",
issn = "1432-9840",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhancing Soil Organic Matter as a Route to the Ecological Intensification of European Arable Systems

AU - Garratt,Michael P. D.

AU - Bommarco,Riccardo

AU - Kleijn,David

AU - Martin,E.

AU - Mortimer,S.R.

AU - Redlich,Sarah

AU - Senapathi,Deepa

AU - Steffan-Dewenter,I.

AU - Świtek,Stanisław

AU - Takács,Viktória

AU - van Gils,S.

AU - van der Putten,W.H.

AU - Potts,Simon G.

N1 - 6494, TE; Data archiving: data archived at University of Reading

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Soil organic matter (SOM) is declining in most agricultural ecosystems, impacting multiple ecosystem services including erosion and flood prevention, climate and greenhouse gas regulation as well as other services that underpin crop production, such as nutrient cycling and pest control. Ecological intensification aims to enhance crop productivity by including regulating and supporting ecosystem service management into agricultural practices. We investigate the potential for increased SOM to support the ecological intensification of arable systems by reducing the need for nitrogen fertiliser application and pest control. Using a large-scale European field trial implemented across 84 fields in 5 countries, we tested whether increased SOM (using soil organic carbon as a proxy) helps recover yield in the absence of conventional nitrogen fertiliser and whether this also supports crops less favourable to key aphid pests. Greater SOM increased yield by 10%, but did not offset nitrogen fertiliser application entirely, which improved yield by 30%. Crop pest responses depended on species: Metopolophium dirhodum were more abundant in fertilised plots with high crop biomass, and although population growth rates of Sitobion avenae were enhanced by nitrogen fertiliser application in a cage trial, field populations were not affected. We conclude that under increased SOM and reduced fertiliser application, pest pressure can be reduced, while partially compensating for yield deficits linked to fertiliser reduction. If the benefits of reduced fertiliser application and increased SOM are considered in a wider environmental context, then a yield cost may become acceptable. Maintaining or increasing SOM is critical for achieving ecological intensification of European cereal production.

AB - Soil organic matter (SOM) is declining in most agricultural ecosystems, impacting multiple ecosystem services including erosion and flood prevention, climate and greenhouse gas regulation as well as other services that underpin crop production, such as nutrient cycling and pest control. Ecological intensification aims to enhance crop productivity by including regulating and supporting ecosystem service management into agricultural practices. We investigate the potential for increased SOM to support the ecological intensification of arable systems by reducing the need for nitrogen fertiliser application and pest control. Using a large-scale European field trial implemented across 84 fields in 5 countries, we tested whether increased SOM (using soil organic carbon as a proxy) helps recover yield in the absence of conventional nitrogen fertiliser and whether this also supports crops less favourable to key aphid pests. Greater SOM increased yield by 10%, but did not offset nitrogen fertiliser application entirely, which improved yield by 30%. Crop pest responses depended on species: Metopolophium dirhodum were more abundant in fertilised plots with high crop biomass, and although population growth rates of Sitobion avenae were enhanced by nitrogen fertiliser application in a cage trial, field populations were not affected. We conclude that under increased SOM and reduced fertiliser application, pest pressure can be reduced, while partially compensating for yield deficits linked to fertiliser reduction. If the benefits of reduced fertiliser application and increased SOM are considered in a wider environmental context, then a yield cost may become acceptable. Maintaining or increasing SOM is critical for achieving ecological intensification of European cereal production.

KW - international

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.17864/1947.136

U2 - 10.1007/s1002

DO - 10.1007/s1002

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 1404

EP - 1415

JO - Ecosystems

T2 - Ecosystems

JF - Ecosystems

SN - 1432-9840

ER -

ID: 6295599