Documents

  • 5896_Hammill

    Final published version, 601 KB, PDF-document

    Request copy

DOI

  • Edd Hammill
  • Pavel Kratina
  • Matthijs Vos
  • OwenL. Petchey
  • BradleyR. Anholt
The strength of interspecific interactions is often proposed to affect food web stability, with weaker interactions increasing the persistence of species, and food webs as a whole. However, the mechanisms that modify interaction strengths, and their effects on food web persistence are not fully understood. Using food webs containing different combinations of predator, prey, and nonprey species, we investigated how predation risk of susceptible prey is affected by the presence of species not directly trophically linked to either predators or prey. We predicted that indirect alterations to the strength of trophic interactions translate to changes in persistence time of extinction-prone species. We assembled interaction webs of protist consumers and turbellarian predators with eight different combinations of prey, predators and nonprey species, and recorded abundances for over 130 prey generations. Persistence of predation-susceptible species was increased by the presence of nonprey. Furthermore, multiple nonprey species acted synergistically to increase prey persistence, such that persistence was greater than would be predicted from the dynamics of simpler food webs. We also found evidence suggesting increased food web complexity may weaken interspecific competition, increasing persistence of poorer competitors. Our results demonstrate that persistence times in complex food webs cannot be predicted from the dynamics of simplified systems, and that species not directly involved in consumptive interactions likely play key roles in maintaining persistence. Global species diversity is currently declining at an unprecedented rate and our findings reveal that concurrent loss of species that modify trophic interactions may have unpredictable consequences for food web stability
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-556
Number of pages8
JournalOecologia
Volume178
Issue number2
DOI
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Research areas

  • Community persistence, Interaction modifications, Microcosms, Nonprey species, Predation, Trophic interactions, international

ID: 1401323