GC-EAG-analysis of volatiles from Brussels sprout plants damaged by two species of Pieris caterpillars: olfactory receptive range of a specialist and a generalist parasitoid wasp species

H.M. Smid, J.J.A. van Loon, M.A. Posthumus, L.E.M. Vet

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Feeding by Pieris brassicae or P. rapae caterpillars on Brussels sprouts plants induces the emission of synomones that attract natural enemies of the caterpillars, Cotesia glomerata, a generalist parasitoid, and C. rubecula, a specialist on P. rapae. Previous research on this tritrophic system has identified a large number of volatiles in the headspace of herbivore-damaged Brussels sprouts plants, and this paper addresses the question which of these volatiles are perceived by the two parasitoid species. Headspace odors from both P. brassicae- and P. rapae-damaged Brussels sprouts plants were analyzed by coupled gas chromatography electro- antennogram (GC-EAG) detection. Twenty volatiles evoked consistent EAG reactions in the antennae of both species and nineteen of these volatiles could be identified with GC-MS. One component that could not be identified due to its low concentration, evoked EAG responses in antennae of C. rubecula only. Possible consequences for searching behavior of the two parasitoid species are discussed. [KEYWORDS: Lepidoptera – Pieridae – Hymenoptera – Braconidae – Cotesia glomerata – Cotesia rubecula – Brussels sprouts – Brassicae oleracea – GC-EAG – tritrophic interactions – specialist – generalist]
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)169-176
    JournalChemoecology
    Volume12
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'GC-EAG-analysis of volatiles from Brussels sprout plants damaged by two species of Pieris caterpillars: olfactory receptive range of a specialist and a generalist parasitoid wasp species'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this