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Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum. / Goelen, Tim; Baets, Dieter; Kos, Martine; Paulussen, Caroline; Lenaerts, Marijke; Rediers, Hans; Wäckers, F.L.; Jacquemyn, Hans; Lievens, Bart (Corresponding author).

In: Journal of Pest Science, Vol. Online, 2018.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Goelen, T, Baets, D, Kos, M, Paulussen, C, Lenaerts, M, Rediers, H, Wäckers, FL, Jacquemyn, H & Lievens, B 2018, 'Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum' Journal of Pest Science, vol. Online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3

APA

Goelen, T., Baets, D., Kos, M., Paulussen, C., Lenaerts, M., Rediers, H., ... Lievens, B. (2018). Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum. Journal of Pest Science, Online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3

Vancouver

Goelen T, Baets D, Kos M, Paulussen C, Lenaerts M, Rediers H et al. Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum. Journal of Pest Science. 2018;Online. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3

Author

Goelen, Tim ; Baets, Dieter ; Kos, Martine ; Paulussen, Caroline ; Lenaerts, Marijke ; Rediers, Hans ; Wäckers, F.L. ; Jacquemyn, Hans ; Lievens, Bart. / Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum. In: Journal of Pest Science. 2018 ; Vol. Online.

BibTeX

@article{137225231d97483b861a187810d46174,
title = "Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum",
abstract = "Aphid parasitoids are commonly used in the biological control of aphids. However, their success in biological control largely depends on the availability of carbohydrate-rich food as an energy source for maintenance and reproduction. Therefore, as these resources have become rare in modern agricultural systems, external sugar sources like flowering plants or artificial sugar solutions are more and more used to provide the biocontrol agents with the necessary sugars. When developing such artificial food sources, it is essential to carefully select the sugars that best support the target parasitoids without benefiting non-target insects, such as pest insects or hyperparasitoids. Here, we investigated the gustatory response and longevity of two commonly used aphid parasitoids (Aphidius colemani and Aphidius matricariae) and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum when provided with one of eight plant- and/or insect-derived sugars (fructose, galactose, glucose, melibiose, melezitose, rhamnose, sucrose and trehalose). Our results showed that the studied insect species consumed the largest amounts of sugars that are most commonly found in honeydew (sucrose, fructose, glucose and melezitose) and also survived best when feeding on these sugars. Both Aphidius spp. survived well on melibiose, whereas D. aphidum performed poorly on this sugar. When melibiose was offered in a mixture with glucose, a significant reduction in longevity was observed for D. aphidum when compared to glucose only, while this was less pronounced for Aphidius spp. This knowledge can be exploited in tailoring food sources to selectively support Aphidius parasitoids, enhancing the biological control of aphids.",
keywords = "international",
author = "Tim Goelen and Dieter Baets and Martine Kos and Caroline Paulussen and Marijke Lenaerts and Hans Rediers and F.L. W{\"a}ckers and Hans Jacquemyn and Bart Lievens",
note = "6447, TE;",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3",
language = "English",
volume = "Online",
journal = "Journal of Pest Science",
issn = "1612-4758",
publisher = "Springer Verlag GmbH",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gustatory response and longevity in Aphidius parasitoids and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum

AU - Goelen, Tim

AU - Baets, Dieter

AU - Kos, Martine

AU - Paulussen, Caroline

AU - Lenaerts, Marijke

AU - Rediers, Hans

AU - Wäckers, F.L.

AU - Jacquemyn, Hans

AU - Lievens, Bart

N1 - 6447, TE;

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Aphid parasitoids are commonly used in the biological control of aphids. However, their success in biological control largely depends on the availability of carbohydrate-rich food as an energy source for maintenance and reproduction. Therefore, as these resources have become rare in modern agricultural systems, external sugar sources like flowering plants or artificial sugar solutions are more and more used to provide the biocontrol agents with the necessary sugars. When developing such artificial food sources, it is essential to carefully select the sugars that best support the target parasitoids without benefiting non-target insects, such as pest insects or hyperparasitoids. Here, we investigated the gustatory response and longevity of two commonly used aphid parasitoids (Aphidius colemani and Aphidius matricariae) and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum when provided with one of eight plant- and/or insect-derived sugars (fructose, galactose, glucose, melibiose, melezitose, rhamnose, sucrose and trehalose). Our results showed that the studied insect species consumed the largest amounts of sugars that are most commonly found in honeydew (sucrose, fructose, glucose and melezitose) and also survived best when feeding on these sugars. Both Aphidius spp. survived well on melibiose, whereas D. aphidum performed poorly on this sugar. When melibiose was offered in a mixture with glucose, a significant reduction in longevity was observed for D. aphidum when compared to glucose only, while this was less pronounced for Aphidius spp. This knowledge can be exploited in tailoring food sources to selectively support Aphidius parasitoids, enhancing the biological control of aphids.

AB - Aphid parasitoids are commonly used in the biological control of aphids. However, their success in biological control largely depends on the availability of carbohydrate-rich food as an energy source for maintenance and reproduction. Therefore, as these resources have become rare in modern agricultural systems, external sugar sources like flowering plants or artificial sugar solutions are more and more used to provide the biocontrol agents with the necessary sugars. When developing such artificial food sources, it is essential to carefully select the sugars that best support the target parasitoids without benefiting non-target insects, such as pest insects or hyperparasitoids. Here, we investigated the gustatory response and longevity of two commonly used aphid parasitoids (Aphidius colemani and Aphidius matricariae) and their hyperparasitoid Dendrocerus aphidum when provided with one of eight plant- and/or insect-derived sugars (fructose, galactose, glucose, melibiose, melezitose, rhamnose, sucrose and trehalose). Our results showed that the studied insect species consumed the largest amounts of sugars that are most commonly found in honeydew (sucrose, fructose, glucose and melezitose) and also survived best when feeding on these sugars. Both Aphidius spp. survived well on melibiose, whereas D. aphidum performed poorly on this sugar. When melibiose was offered in a mixture with glucose, a significant reduction in longevity was observed for D. aphidum when compared to glucose only, while this was less pronounced for Aphidius spp. This knowledge can be exploited in tailoring food sources to selectively support Aphidius parasitoids, enhancing the biological control of aphids.

KW - international

U2 - 10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3

DO - 10.1007/s10340-017-0907-3

M3 - Article

VL - Online

JO - Journal of Pest Science

JF - Journal of Pest Science

SN - 1612-4758

ER -

ID: 5949245