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Heterogeneity in food-web interactions of fish in the Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria: a quantitative stable isotope study. / Cornelissen, Ilse J. M. (Corresponding author); Vijverberg, J.; van den Beld, André; Helmsing, N. R.; Verreth, J. A. J.; Nagelkerke, L. A. J.

In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 805, No. 1, 2018, p. 113-130.

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@article{83596db54ce64071b7ef33b1d88d605b,
title = "Heterogeneity in food-web interactions of fish in the Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria: a quantitative stable isotope study",
abstract = "Stable isotope analyses and derived population-level metrics were used to quantitatively analyse spatial and seasonal heterogeneity in the fish trophic dynamics in relation to environmental variables in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria (Tanzania). The fish community in Lake Victoria, including the top predator Nile perch, is generally omnivorous with a heavy reliance on invertebrates. This is in contrast to findings based on stomach content analyses of Nile perch, which showed a stronger reliance on fish. We tested two hypotheses: (1) during the rainy seasons multiple carbon sources influence the food-web structure inside the Gulf, leading to increased carbon ranges and trophic diversity. (2) During dry periods, the food-web structure mainly relies on pelagic primary production, reducing carbon ranges and trophic diversity. Carbon sources indeed varied seasonally and spatially, affecting the fish community at the highest trophic levels. With the onset of rains, carbon sources became spatially highly differentiated with enriched $13C values of fish in shallow water inside the Gulf and depleted $13C values in open waters. Metrics associated with niche size correlated significantly with seasonally varying environmental variables, while $13C ranges correlated with spatially varying environmental variables.",
keywords = "national",
author = "Cornelissen, {Ilse J. M.} and J. Vijverberg and {van den Beld}, Andr{\'e} and Helmsing, {N. R.} and Verreth, {J. A. J.} and Nagelkerke, {L. A. J.}",
note = "6331, AqE; Data archiving: property of and archived at WUR",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s10750-017-3297-x",
language = "English",
volume = "805",
pages = "113--130",
journal = "Hydrobiologia",
issn = "0018-8158",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Heterogeneity in food-web interactions of fish in the Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria: a quantitative stable isotope study

AU - Cornelissen,Ilse J. M.

AU - Vijverberg,J.

AU - van den Beld,André

AU - Helmsing,N. R.

AU - Verreth,J. A. J.

AU - Nagelkerke,L. A. J.

N1 - 6331, AqE; Data archiving: property of and archived at WUR

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Stable isotope analyses and derived population-level metrics were used to quantitatively analyse spatial and seasonal heterogeneity in the fish trophic dynamics in relation to environmental variables in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria (Tanzania). The fish community in Lake Victoria, including the top predator Nile perch, is generally omnivorous with a heavy reliance on invertebrates. This is in contrast to findings based on stomach content analyses of Nile perch, which showed a stronger reliance on fish. We tested two hypotheses: (1) during the rainy seasons multiple carbon sources influence the food-web structure inside the Gulf, leading to increased carbon ranges and trophic diversity. (2) During dry periods, the food-web structure mainly relies on pelagic primary production, reducing carbon ranges and trophic diversity. Carbon sources indeed varied seasonally and spatially, affecting the fish community at the highest trophic levels. With the onset of rains, carbon sources became spatially highly differentiated with enriched $13C values of fish in shallow water inside the Gulf and depleted $13C values in open waters. Metrics associated with niche size correlated significantly with seasonally varying environmental variables, while $13C ranges correlated with spatially varying environmental variables.

AB - Stable isotope analyses and derived population-level metrics were used to quantitatively analyse spatial and seasonal heterogeneity in the fish trophic dynamics in relation to environmental variables in Mwanza Gulf, Lake Victoria (Tanzania). The fish community in Lake Victoria, including the top predator Nile perch, is generally omnivorous with a heavy reliance on invertebrates. This is in contrast to findings based on stomach content analyses of Nile perch, which showed a stronger reliance on fish. We tested two hypotheses: (1) during the rainy seasons multiple carbon sources influence the food-web structure inside the Gulf, leading to increased carbon ranges and trophic diversity. (2) During dry periods, the food-web structure mainly relies on pelagic primary production, reducing carbon ranges and trophic diversity. Carbon sources indeed varied seasonally and spatially, affecting the fish community at the highest trophic levels. With the onset of rains, carbon sources became spatially highly differentiated with enriched $13C values of fish in shallow water inside the Gulf and depleted $13C values in open waters. Metrics associated with niche size correlated significantly with seasonally varying environmental variables, while $13C ranges correlated with spatially varying environmental variables.

KW - national

U2 - 10.1007/s10750-017-3297-x

DO - 10.1007/s10750-017-3297-x

M3 - Article

VL - 805

SP - 113

EP - 130

JO - Hydrobiologia

T2 - Hydrobiologia

JF - Hydrobiologia

SN - 0018-8158

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 4546098