Hormonally mediated effects of artificial light at night on behavior and fitness: linking endocrine mechanisms with function

Jenny Q. Ouyang (Corresponding author), Scott Davies, Davide Dominoni

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Alternation between day and night is a predictable environmental fluctuation that organisms use to time their activities. Since the invention of artificial lighting, this predictability has been disrupted and continues to change in a unidirectional fashion with increasing urbanization. As hormones mediate individual responses to changing environments, endocrine systems might be one of the first systems affected, as well as being the first line of defense to ameliorate any negative health impacts. In this Review, we first highlight how light can influence endocrine function in vertebrates. We then focus on four endocrine axes that might be affected by artificial light at night (ALAN): pineal, reproductive, adrenal and thyroid. Throughout, we highlight key findings, rather than performing an exhaustive review, in order to emphasize knowledge gaps that are hindering progress on proposing impactful and concrete plans to ameliorate the negative effects of ALAN. We discuss these findings with respect to impacts on human and animal health, with a focus on the consequences of anthropogenic modification of the night-time environment for non-human organisms. Lastly, we stress the need for the integration of field and lab experiments as well as the need for long-term integrative eco-physiological studies in the rapidly expanding field of light pollution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume221
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018

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Bibliographical note

6585, AnE; Data Archiving: no NIOO data

Keywords

  • international

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