How to publish a new fungal species, or name, version 3.0

M. Catherine Aime, Andrew N. Miller, Takayuki Aoki, Konstanze Bensch, Lei Cai, Pedro W. Crous, David L. Hawksworth, Kevin D. Hyde, Paul M. Kirk, Robert Lücking, Tom W. May, Elaine Malosso, Scott A. Redhead, Amy Y. Rossman, Marc Stadler, Marco Thines, Andrey M. Yurkov, Ning Zhang, Conrad L. Schoch

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review


It is now a decade since The International Commission on the Taxonomy of Fungi (ICTF) produced an overview of requirements and best practices for describing a new fungal species. In the meantime the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICNafp) has changed from its former name (the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature) and introduced new formal requirements for valid publication of species scientific names, including the separation of provisions specific to Fungi and organisms treated as fungi in a new Chapter F. Equally transformative have been changes in the data collection, data dissemination, and analytical tools available to mycologists. This paper provides an updated and expanded discussion of current publication requirements along with best practices for the description of new fungal species and publication of new names and for improving accessibility of their associated metadata that have developed over the last 10 years. Additionally, we provide: (1) model papers for different fungal groups and circumstances; (2) a checklist to simplify meeting (i) the requirements of the ICNafp to ensure the effective, valid and legitimate publication of names of new taxa, and (ii) minimally accepted standards for description; and, (3) templates for preparing standardized species descriptions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalIMA Fungus
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Data repositories
  • Dual nomenclature
  • FAIR principles
  • Legitimate publication
  • New combinations
  • Taxonomic best practices
  • Typification
  • Valid publication


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