Identification of a male-specific AFLP marker in a functionally dioecious fig, Ficus fulva Reinw. ex Bl. (Moraceae)

T.L. Parrish, H.P. Koelewijn, P.J. van Dijk

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    A male-specific amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) marker was identified in the functionally dioecious fig species, Ficus fulva. A total of 89 polymorphic fragments from three primer combinations were produced, of which one (246 bp) was present in all males (n=23) and absent in all females (n=24) of two populations. This strong association suggests a tight chromosomal linkage between the AFLP marker and the sex-controlling locus. Further analysis indicated that the marker segregated in open-pollinated progenies from natural populations in a 1:1 ratio (n=156), implying that males are the heterogametic sex. Chromosome preparations showed no evidence for morphologically distinct sex chromosomes. The low frequencies of associated markers argue against a morphologically cryptic non-recombining sex chromosome. The sex-locus is therefore likely to be autosomal. The male-specific AFLP marker was sequenced and converted into a sequence characterised amplified region (SCAR) marker. This SCAR marker produced a fragment of equal size in males and females, suggesting that sequence divergence between male- and female-specific chromosomal regions is low. [KEYWORDS: Sex determination ; Functional dioecy ; Ficus ; Heterogametic sex]
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)17-22
    JournalSexual Plant Reproduction
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2004




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