Immune deficiency-related enteropathy-lymphocytopenia-alopecia syndrome results from tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A deficiency

Roxane Lemoine, Jana Pachlopnik-Schmid, Henner F Farin, Amélie Bigorgne, Marianne Debré, Fernando Sepulveda, Sébastien Héritier, Julie Lemale, Cécile Talbotec, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Frank Ruemmele, Alain Morali, Pascal Cathebras, Patrick Nitschke, Christine Bole-Feysot, Stéphane Blanche, Nicole Brousse, Capucine Picard, Hans Clevers, Alain FischerGeneviève de Saint Basile

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is one of the most common chronic gastrointestinal diseases, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown. Studies of monogenic diseases can provide insight into the pathogenesis of IBD.

OBJECTIVE: We thought to determine the underlying molecular causes of IBD occurring in 2 unrelated families in association with an immune deficiency.

METHODS: We performed genetic linkage analysis and candidate gene sequencing on 13 patients from a large consanguineous family affected by early-onset IBD, progressive immune deficiency, and, in some cases, autoimmunity and alopecia, a condition we named enteropathy-lymphocytopenia-alopecia. The candidate gene was also sequenced in an unrelated patient with a similar phenotype. We performed histologic analysis of patients' intestinal biopsy specimens and carried out functional assays on PBMCs. Gut organoids derived from a patient's biopsy specimen were analyzed.

RESULTS: We identified biallelic missense mutations in tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A (TTC7A) in all patients from both families. The resulting TTC7A depletion modified the proliferation, adhesion, and migratory capacities of lymphocytes through inappropriate activation of the RhoA signaling pathway. Normal function was restored by wild-type TTC7A expression or addition of a RhoA kinase inhibitor. The growth and polarity of gut epithelial organoids were also found to be dependent on the RhoA signaling pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: We show that TTC7A regulates the actin cytoskeleton dynamics in lymphocytes through the RhoA signaling pathway and is required in both lymphocytes and epithelial cells for maintaining equilibrium between cell proliferation, migration, polarization, and cell death. Our study highlights variability in the phenotypic expression resulting from TTC7A deficiency and outlines that impairment of both epithelial cells and lymphocytes cooperatively causes IBD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1354-1364.e6
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume134
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alopecia
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Colon
  • Duodenum
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
  • Lymphopenia
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Proteins
  • Pyloric Antrum
  • Young Adult
  • rho-Associated Kinases
  • rhoA GTP-Binding Protein

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