This thesis aims to explain the dynamics of interregional migration in Indonesia in the 2000-2010 period and to project migration dynamics up to 2035. Four empirical studies presented in this thesis are interregional migration flows in Indonesia, migration and its relation to macro factors, migration and its relation micro (individual) factors, and an agent-based model of migration. There is an indication of Java-centric patterns in interregional migration flows in Indonesia, and there are indications of the high attractiveness of metropolitan areas in Java, especially the capital region of Jakarta. The results also show that regional variation in development is an important factor in explaining migration flows in Indonesia. Three types of migration are associated with the ongoing redistribution of Indonesia’s population in the period 2000-2010, namely, urbanisation, sub-urbanisation and metropolitan-to-non-metropolitan migration. Aside from macro factors, various individual characteristics are associated with different types of migration. The findings suggest that migration is a mechanism for obtaining higher education, getting access to better job opportunities and finding a more comfortable living environment. By combining micro and macro factors in projecting migration dynamics in Indonesia, it is shown that structural changes in the interregional migration system in Indonesia may be expected. The projection indicates a change in migration patterns in Indonesia from monocentric (Java-centric) to dual-centric (Java and Sumatera centric).
|Award date||19 Oct 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|