Intersections of official and family language policy in Quebec

Susan Balinger, Melanie Brouillard, Alexa Ahooja, Ruth Kircher, Linda Polka, Krista Byers-Heinlein

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review


The current paper describes a study that sought to determine the beliefs, practices, and needs of parents living in Montreal, Quebec, who were raising their children bi/multilingually. The parents (N = 27) participated in a total of nine focus group and individual interviews in which they discussed their family language policies (language ideologies, practices, and actions taken to maintain a language). Through rounds of deductive and inductive coding and analysis, family language policies regarding English and/or French were compared with policies regarding heritage languages. The participants’ family language policies were further examined in light of Quebec’s official language policy of interculturalism. Findings indicate a complex co-existence of family and official language policy in which parents both support Quebec’s official language policy by converging towards French as a common public language and questioning the policy’s stance on official institutional support for heritage languages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020

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