Introduction: The Early Modern State: Drivers, Benefiaries, and Discontents

Pepijn Brandon*, C.A. Romein, Lex Heerma van Voss

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in book/volumeChapterScientificpeer-review


In the course of the early modern period, the capacity of European states to raise finances, wage wars, subject their own and far away populations, and exert bureaucratic power over a variety of areas of social life increased dramatically. Nevertheless, these changes were far less absolute and definitive than the literature on the rise of the "modern state" once held. While war pushed the boundaries of the emerging fiscal military states of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, rulers remained highly dependent on negotiations with competing elite groups and the private networks of contractors and financial intermediaries. Attempts to increase control over subjects often resulted in popular resistance, that in their turn set limits to and influenced the direction of the development of state institutions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Early Modern State: Drivers, Beneficiaries and Discontents.
Subtitle of host publicationEssays in Honour of Prof. Dr. Marjolein 't Hart
EditorsPepijn Brandon, Lex Heerma van Voss, C. Annemieke Romein
Place of PublicationAbingdon, Oxon
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780257544683
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2022


  • State formation
  • Discontents
  • Drivers
  • Political Institutions


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