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Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth. / Immers, A.; Van der Sande, M.T.; Van der Zande, R.M.; Geurts, J.J.M.; Van Donk, E.; Bakker, E.S.

In: Hydrobiologia, Vol. 710, No. 1, 2013, p. 241-251.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Immers, A, Van der Sande, MT, Van der Zande, RM, Geurts, JJM, Van Donk, E & Bakker, ES 2013, 'Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth' Hydrobiologia, vol. 710, no. 1, pp. 241-251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-011-0995-7

APA

Vancouver

Author

Immers, A. ; Van der Sande, M.T. ; Van der Zande, R.M. ; Geurts, J.J.M. ; Van Donk, E. ; Bakker, E.S. / Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth. In: Hydrobiologia. 2013 ; Vol. 710, No. 1. pp. 241-251.

BibTeX

@article{da1cecea174d429fa466602c4c801f0b,
title = "Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth",
abstract = "Eutrophication has caused a decline of charophyte species in many shallow lakes in Europe. Even though external inputs of phosphorus are declining, internal loading of P from the sediment seems to delay the recovery of these systems. Iron is a useful chemical binding agent to combat internal phosphorus loading. However, the effects of iron addition on charophytes are not yet known. In this study we experimentally tested the potential toxicity of iron(III)chloride (FeCl3) on two different charophytes, Chara virgata K{\"u}tzing and Chara globularis Thuiller added at the concentration of 20 g Fe m−2 and 40 g Fe m−2 to the surface water. C. virgata growth was not significantly affected, whereas C. globularis growth significantly decreased with increasing iron concentrations. Nonetheless, biomass of both species increased in all treatments relative to starting conditions. The decrease of C. globularis biomass with high iron additions may have been caused by a drop in pH and alkalinity in combination with iron induced light limitation. Iron addition over a longer time scale, however, will not cause this rapid drop in pH. Therefore, we conclude that adding iron(III)chloride in these amounts to the surface water of a lake can potentially be a useful restoration method.",
keywords = "national",
author = "A. Immers and {Van der Sande}, M.T. and {Van der Zande}, R.M. and J.J.M. Geurts and {Van Donk}, E. and E.S. Bakker",
note = "Reporting year: 2013 Metis note: 5187; WAG; AqE Data archiving: data archived at MDA",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1007/s10750-011-0995-7",
language = "English",
volume = "710",
pages = "241--251",
journal = "Hydrobiologia",
issn = "0018-8158",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Iron addition as a shallow lake restoration measure: impacts on charophyte growth

AU - Immers, A.

AU - Van der Sande, M.T.

AU - Van der Zande, R.M.

AU - Geurts, J.J.M.

AU - Van Donk, E.

AU - Bakker, E.S.

N1 - Reporting year: 2013 Metis note: 5187; WAG; AqE Data archiving: data archived at MDA

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Eutrophication has caused a decline of charophyte species in many shallow lakes in Europe. Even though external inputs of phosphorus are declining, internal loading of P from the sediment seems to delay the recovery of these systems. Iron is a useful chemical binding agent to combat internal phosphorus loading. However, the effects of iron addition on charophytes are not yet known. In this study we experimentally tested the potential toxicity of iron(III)chloride (FeCl3) on two different charophytes, Chara virgata Kützing and Chara globularis Thuiller added at the concentration of 20 g Fe m−2 and 40 g Fe m−2 to the surface water. C. virgata growth was not significantly affected, whereas C. globularis growth significantly decreased with increasing iron concentrations. Nonetheless, biomass of both species increased in all treatments relative to starting conditions. The decrease of C. globularis biomass with high iron additions may have been caused by a drop in pH and alkalinity in combination with iron induced light limitation. Iron addition over a longer time scale, however, will not cause this rapid drop in pH. Therefore, we conclude that adding iron(III)chloride in these amounts to the surface water of a lake can potentially be a useful restoration method.

AB - Eutrophication has caused a decline of charophyte species in many shallow lakes in Europe. Even though external inputs of phosphorus are declining, internal loading of P from the sediment seems to delay the recovery of these systems. Iron is a useful chemical binding agent to combat internal phosphorus loading. However, the effects of iron addition on charophytes are not yet known. In this study we experimentally tested the potential toxicity of iron(III)chloride (FeCl3) on two different charophytes, Chara virgata Kützing and Chara globularis Thuiller added at the concentration of 20 g Fe m−2 and 40 g Fe m−2 to the surface water. C. virgata growth was not significantly affected, whereas C. globularis growth significantly decreased with increasing iron concentrations. Nonetheless, biomass of both species increased in all treatments relative to starting conditions. The decrease of C. globularis biomass with high iron additions may have been caused by a drop in pH and alkalinity in combination with iron induced light limitation. Iron addition over a longer time scale, however, will not cause this rapid drop in pH. Therefore, we conclude that adding iron(III)chloride in these amounts to the surface water of a lake can potentially be a useful restoration method.

KW - national

U2 - 10.1007/s10750-011-0995-7

DO - 10.1007/s10750-011-0995-7

M3 - Article

VL - 710

SP - 241

EP - 251

JO - Hydrobiologia

JF - Hydrobiologia

SN - 0018-8158

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 209968