Local-scale soil nematode diversity in a subtropical forest depends on the phylogenetic and functional diversity of neighbor trees

Yingbin Li* (Corresponding author), Xiaofang Du, Xiaolin Su, Xu Han, Wenju Liang, Zhengwen Wang, Helge Bruelheide, T. Martijn Bezemer, Qi Li* (Corresponding author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose

Understanding the impact of neighbor tree diversity on soil biodiversity at the individual tree scale and clarifying which facets of neighbor tree diversity have a decisive impact on soil biodiversity.
Methods

We collected and identified soil nematodes underneath 256 individual trees of 16 species at four species-richness levels (1, 2, 4, 8 species) in a large tree diversity experiment in southeast China. We analyzed how the taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversity of the nematode community were influenced by neighbor tree diversity.
Results

Our analyses showed that nematode alpha diversity at the individual tree scale decreased with increasing neighbor tree richness while beta diversity increased at taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional levels. Nematode alpha diversity at the plot scale increased with increasing neighbor tree richness. Secondly, we found that reducing redundant species and increasing distinct species led to the differentiation of nematode communities under different individual trees in high-richness plots. Finally, our data revealed that the functional diversity of the neighbor tree community had the largest effects on the diversity of the local nematode community.
Conclusion

Our study emphasizes that there is a significant influence from neighboring trees, mainly the functional traits of the trees, even though they are spaced at distances multitudes greater than the distance over which soil nematodes can move. Hence it is important to consider these broader spatial aspects when examining the plant and soil biotic interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-454
Number of pages14
JournalPlant and Soil
Volume486
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • Alpha and beta diversity
  • BEF-China
  • Functional traits
  • Soil biodiversity
  • Species richness
  • Subtropical forest

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