LONG-TERM FOLLOW-UP OF PATIENTS WITH CHOROIDEREMIA WITH SCLERAL PITS AND TUNNELS AS A NOVEL OBSERVATION

Sanne M van Schuppen, Mays Talib, Arthur A Bergen, Jacoline B Ten Brink, Ralph J Florijn, Camiel J F Boon, Mary J van Schooneveld

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term clinical course and visual outcome of patients with choroideremia.

METHODS: Clinical examination, a social questionnaire, and medical records review of 21 patients with choroideremia from 14 families.

RESULTS: The mean follow-up time was 25.2 years (SD: 13.3; range 2-57 years). The mean age at symptom onset was 15.1 years (SD: 10.1; range 5-40 years). Best-corrected visual acuity was stable until the age of 35 (P = 0.96), but declined significantly faster after the age of 35 (11%/year, P = 0.001), with a high variability between individual patients. The mean age at which patients discontinued working was 48.1 years (SD: 11.7, range 25-65 years). The reason for work discontinuation was vision related in 60% of cases. Most patients (70%) reported visual field constriction as the most debilitating symptom. The authors report scleral pits and tunnels as a novel finding visible on spectral domain optical coherence tomography and ophthalmoscopy.

CONCLUSION: Choroideremia is a severely debilitating disease showing a rapid decline of visual acuity generally after the age of 35, but a more gradual decline for other abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1713-1724
JournalRetina
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Journal Article

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