Maturation of conidia on conidiophores of Aspergillus niger

Wieke R Teertstra, Martin Tegelaar, Jan Dijksterhuis, Elena A Golovina, Robin A Ohm, Han A B Wösten

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conidia of Aspergillus niger are produced on conidiophores. Here, maturation of conidia on these asexual reproductive structures was studied. Pigmented conidia that had developed on conidiophores for 2, 5, and 8days were similarly resistant to heat and were metabolically active as shown by CO2 release and conversion of the metabolic probe Tempone. A total number of 645-2421 genes showed a ⩾2-fold change in expression when 2-day-old conidia were compared to 5- and 8-day-old spores. Melanin was extracted more easily from the cell wall of 2-day-old conidia when compared to the older spores. In addition, mannitol content and germination rate of the 2-day-old conidia were higher. Dispersal efficiency by water was lower in the case of the 8-day-old conidia but no differences were observed in dispersal by wind and a hydrophobic moving object. These data and the fact that only a minor fraction of the conidia on a conidiophore were dispersed in the assays imply that a single colony of A. niger releases a heterogeneous population of conidia. This heterogeneity would provide a selective advantage in environments with rapidly changing conditions such as availability of water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume98
Early online date21 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

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