Mechanisms of seed dormancy in an annual population of Zostera marina (eelgrass) from the Netherlands)

P.G. Harrison

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    Abstract

    Mechanisms of dormancy of seeds from an annual population of the seagrass Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) in the SW Netherlands were investigated in the laboratory. Both physiological dormancy (a requirement for reduced salinity for germination) and physical dormancy (imposed by the seed coat) existed in recently shed seeds. Physiological seed dormancy was partly released in the seed bank by early winter, but physical dormancy lasted longer. By March seeds germinated quickly in the dark in full-strength seawater without artificial weakening of the seed coat. Viable seeds were released with coats that ranged from green (easily ruptured by the embryo) to brown (not easily ruptured); this variation may account for the occasional seedlings that appear during winter. No significant effects of temperature or light on germination were detected. A reexamination of the literature suggests that the observed variation in timing of germination in eelgrass populations may be a result of hitherto overlooked aspects of dormancy. Key words: eelgrass, seagrass, seed coat, seed dormancy, seed germination, Zostera marina.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1972-1976
    JournalCanadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne De Botanique
    Volume69
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

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