Migration and Immigrants in Europe: A Historical and Demographic Perspective

C. Van Mol, H.A.G. de Valk

Research output: Chapter in book/volumeChapterScientificpeer-review

132 Citations (Scopus)
1512 Downloads (Pure)


In this chapter we outline the general developments of migration within and towards Europe as well as patterns of settlement of migrants. We provide a comprehensive historical overview of the changes in European migration since the 1950s. Main phases in immigration, its backgrounds, and its determinants across the continent are described making use of secondary literature and data. Different European regions are covered in the analyses, based on available statistics and an analysis of secondary material. This allows us to distinguish between different origins of migrants as well as migration motives. In addition to migration from outside Europe this chapter pays ample attention to patterns of mobility within Europe. The analyses cover the individual level with as much detail as possible with the available statistics and particularly take the demographic characteristics of migrants into account. The analyses on flows of migration are supplemented by a sketch of the residing immigrant population across Europe.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegration Processes and Policies in Europe. Contexts, Levels and Actors
EditorsB. Garcés-Mascareñas, R. Penninx
Place of PublicationDordrecht
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-21674-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-21673-7
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameIMISCOE Research Series
ISSN (Print)2364-4087


  • migration
  • immigrants in Europe
  • historical perspective
  • demographic perspective
  • patterns of mobility
  • migration motives
  • origin of migrants


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