Multi-locus sequencing typing reveals geographically related intraspecies variability of Sporothrix brasiliensis

Vanessa Brito de Souza Rabello, Marcus de Melo Teixeira, Wieland Meyer, Laszlo Irinyi, Melissa Orzechowski Xavier, Vanice Rodrigues Poester, José Guillermo Pereira Brunelli, Fernando Almeida-Silva, Andrea Reis Bernardes-Engemann, Isabella Dib Ferreira Gremião, Débora Ferreira Dos Santos Angelo, Inácio José Clementino, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes, Rosely Maria Zancopé-Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Sporotrichosis is a subcutaneous mycosis caused by pathogenic Sporothrix species. Among them, Sporothrix brasiliensis is the main species associated with endemic regions in South America, especially Brazil. It is highly virulent and can be spread through zoonotic transmission. Molecular epidemiological surveys are needed to determine the extent of genetic variation, to investigate outbreaks, and to identify genotypes associated with antifungal resistance and susceptibility. This study investigated the sequence variation of different constitutive genes and established a novel multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for S. brasiliensis. Specific primers were designed for 16 genes using Primer-BLAST software based on the genome sequences of three S. brasiliensis strains (ATCC MYA-4823, A001 and A005). Ninety-one human, animal, and environmental S. brasiliensis isolates from different Brazilian geographic regions (South, Southeast, Midwest and Northeast) andtwo isolates from Paraguay were sequenced. The loci that presented the highest nucleotide diversity (π) were selected for the MLST scheme. Among the 16 studied genetic loci, four presented increased π value and were able to distinguish all S. brasiliensis isolates into seven distinct haplotypes. The PCR conditions were standardized for four loci. Some of the obtained haplotypes were associated with the geographic origin of the strains. This study presents an important advance in the understanding of this important agent of sporotrichosis in Brazil. It significantly increased the discriminatory power for genotyping of S. brasiliensis isolates, and enabled new contributions to the epidemiological studies of this human and animal pathogen in Brazil and in other countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103845
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


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