Mycoparasites, Gut Dwellers, and Saprotrophs: Phylogenomic Reconstructions and Comparative Analyses of Kickxellomycotina Fungi

Nicole K Reynolds, Jason E Stajich, Gerald L Benny, Kerrie Barry, Stephen Mondo, Kurt LaButti, Anna Lipzen, Chris Daum, Igor V Grigoriev, Hsiao-Man Ho, Pedro W Crous, Joseph W Spatafora, Matthew E Smith

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Improved sequencing technologies have profoundly altered global views of fungal diversity and evolution. High-throughput sequencing methods are critical for studying fungi due to the cryptic, symbiotic nature of many species, particularly those that are difficult to culture. However, the low coverage genome sequencing (LCGS) approach to phylogenomic inference has not been widely applied to fungi. Here we analyzed 171 Kickxellomycotina fungi using LCGS methods to obtain hundreds of marker genes for robust phylogenomic reconstruction. Additionally, we mined our LCGS data for a set of nine rDNA and protein coding genes to enable analyses across species for which no LCGS data were obtained. The main goals of this study were to: 1) evaluate the quality and utility of LCGS data for both phylogenetic reconstruction and functional annotation, 2) test relationships among clades of Kickxellomycotina, and 3) perform comparative functional analyses between clades to gain insight into putative trophic modes. In opposition to previous studies, our nine-gene analyses support two clades of arthropod gut dwelling species and suggest a possible single evolutionary event leading to this symbiotic lifestyle. Furthermore, we resolve the mycoparasitic Dimargaritales as the earliest diverging clade in the subphylum and find four major clades of Coemansia species. Finally, functional analyses illustrate clear variation in predicted carbohydrate active enzymes and secondary metabolites (SM) based on ecology, that is biotroph versus saprotroph. Saprotrophic Kickxellales broadly lack many known pectinase families compared with saprotrophic Mucoromycota and are depauperate for SM but have similar numbers of predicted chitinases as mycoparasitic.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberevac185
Number of pages22
JournalGenome Biology and Evolution
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2023

Keywords

  • Automatic Assembly for the Fungi
  • Funannotate
  • low coverage phylogenomics
  • PHYling
  • trichomycetes

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