Mycosarcoma (Ustilaginaceae), a resurrected generic name for corn smut (Ustilago maydis) and its close relatives with hypertrophied, tubular sori

Alistair R McTaggart, Roger G Shivas, Teun Boekhout, Franz Oberwinkler, Kálmán Vánky, Shaun R Pennycook, Dominik Begerow

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    25 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Ustilago is a polyphyletic genus of smut fungi found mainly on Poaceae. The development of a taxonomy that reflects phylogeny requires subdivision of Ustilago into smaller monophyletic genera. Several separate systematic analyses have determined that Macalpinomyces mackinlayi, M. tubiformis, Tolyposporella pachycarpa, Ustilago bouriquetii and U. maydis, occupy a unique phylogenetic position within the Ustilaginaceae. A previously introduced monotypic generic name typified by U. maydis, Mycosarcoma, is available to accommodate these species, which resolves one component of polyphyly for Ustilagos.lat. in Ustilaginaceae. An emended description of Mycosarcoma is provided to reflect the morphological synapomorphies of this monophyletic group. A specimen of Ustilago maydis that has had its genome sequenced is designated as a neotype for this species. Taxonomic stability will further be provided by a forthcoming proposal to conserve the name Uredo maydis over Lycoperdon zeae, which has priority by date, in order to preserve the well-known epithet maydis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)309-315
    Number of pages7
    JournalIMA Fungus
    Volume7
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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