Myelinating satellite oligodendrocytes are integrated in a glial syncytium constraining neuronal high-frequency activity

Arne Battefeld, Jan Klooster, Maarten H P Kole

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Abstract

Satellite oligodendrocytes (s-OLs) are closely apposed to the soma of neocortical layer 5 pyramidal neurons but their properties and functional roles remain unresolved. Here we show that s-OLs form compact myelin and action potentials of the host neuron evoke precisely timed Ba(2+)-sensitive K(+) inward rectifying (Kir) currents in the s-OL. Unexpectedly, the glial K(+) inward current does not require oligodendrocytic Kir4.1. Action potential-evoked Kir currents are in part mediated by gap-junction coupling with neighbouring OLs and astrocytes that form a syncytium around the pyramidal cell body. Computational modelling predicts that glial Kir constrains the perisomatic [K(+)]o increase most importantly during high-frequency action potentials. Consistent with these predictions neurons with s-OLs showed a reduced probability for action potential burst firing during [K(+)]o elevations. These data suggest that s-OLs are integrated into a glial syncytium for the millisecond rapid K(+) uptake limiting activity-dependent [K(+)]o increase in the perisomatic neuron domain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11298
JournalNature Communications
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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