Nature-based strategies to regenerate the functioning and biodiversity of vineyards

Raúl Ochoa-Hueso*, Emma Cantos-Villar, Belén Puertas, Juan F. Aguiar del Rio, Ignacio Belda, Manuel Delgado-Baquerizo, Victoria Fernández, Antonio Gallardo, José L. García-Morales, Teresa Garde-Cerdán, Luis Gonzaga-Santesteban, Cristina Lazcano, Isabel M. Liberal, Lilia Serrano-Grijalva, Germán Tortosa, Ramón Casimiro-Soriguer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalBook/Film/Article reviewScientific

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Grapevine is one of the most important perennial fruit crops worldwide. Historically, vineyards were compatible with soil conservation practices and multitrophic biodiversity, but vineyards are now generally eroded and biologically impoverished, making them more susceptible to pests and diseases. However, the idiosyncrasy of the wine sector places wine growers in a unique position to lead the adoption of a range of sustainable management strategies and, thus, to pioneer a wider transformation of the agricultural sector. In this article, we provide an overview of nature-based management strategies that may be used for the regeneration of the functioning and biodiversity of vineyards and that may also lead to improved plant nutrition, grape berry quality and the suppression of pathogens and pests. These strategies include the use of microbial and nonmicrobial biostimulants, fertilization with organic amendments as well as foliar fertilization with nature-based products, the use of cover crops and the reintegration of livestock in vineyards, especially sheep. We will also pay special attention to the implementation of circular economy in the vineyard in relation to the previously mentioned management strategies and will also discuss the importance of considering all these aspects from a holistic and integrative perspective, rather than taking them into account as single factors. Assuming the integral role of soils in the functioning of agroecosystems, soils will be considered transversally across all sections. Finally, we will argue that the time is now ripe for innovation from the public and private sectors to contribute to the sustainable management of vineyards while maintaining, or even improving, the profit margin for farmers and winemakers.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12088
JournalJournal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment
Volume3
Issue number1
Early online date28 Dec 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • ecological transition of agriculture
  • nature-based solutions
  • plant health
  • soil health
  • sustainable viticulture

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