Neighbourhood ethnic density, local language skills, and loneliness among older migrants: A population-based study on Russian speakers in Finland

L. Kemppainen, T. Kemppainen, T. Fokkema, S. Wrede, A. Kouvonen

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 08 Jan 2023


  • loneliness
  • older migrants
  • neighbourhood
  • language proficiency
  • mixed model

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