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Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa. / Geisen, Stefan; Laros, I.; Vizcaíno, A.; Bonkowski, M.; de Groot, G.A. .

In: Molecular Ecology, Vol. 24, No. 17, 2015, p. 4556-4569.

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Geisen, S, Laros, I, Vizcaíno, A, Bonkowski, M & de Groot, GA 2015, 'Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa' Molecular Ecology, vol. 24, no. 17, pp. 4556-4569. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13238

APA

Geisen, S., Laros, I., Vizcaíno, A., Bonkowski, M., & de Groot, G. A. (2015). Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa. Molecular Ecology, 24(17), 4556-4569. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13238

Vancouver

Geisen S, Laros I, Vizcaíno A, Bonkowski M, de Groot GA. Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa. Molecular Ecology. 2015;24(17):4556-4569. Available from, DOI: 10.1111/mec.13238

Author

Geisen, Stefan ; Laros, I. ; Vizcaíno, A. ; Bonkowski, M. ; de Groot, G.A. . / Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa. In: Molecular Ecology. 2015 ; Vol. 24, No. 17. pp. 4556-4569

BibTeX

@article{c52485ebbd624915badc2d8df8b17f48,
title = "Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa",
abstract = "Protists, the most diverse eukaryotes, are largely considered to be free-living bacterivores, but vast numbers of taxa are known to parasitize plants or animals. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches now commonly replace cultivation-based approaches in studying soil protists, but insights into common biases associated to this method are limited to aquatic taxa and samples. We created a mock community of common free-living soil protists (amoebae, flagellates, ciliates), extracted DNA and amplified it in the presence of metazoan DNA using 454 HTS. We aimed at evaluating whether HTS quantitatively reveals true relative abundances of soil protists and to investigate whether the expected protist community structure is altered by the co-amplification of metazoan-associated protist taxa. Indeed, HTS revealed fundamentally different protist communities from those expected. Ciliate sequences were highly overrepresented, while those of most amoebae and flagellates were underrepresented or totally absent. These results underpin the biases introduced by HTS that prevent reliable quantitative estimations of free-living protist communities. Furthermore, we detected a wide range of non-added protist taxa likely introduced along with metazoan DNA, which altered the protist community structure. Among those, 20 taxa most closely resembled parasitic, often pathogenic taxa. Therewith, we provide the first HTS data in support of classical observational studies that showed that potential protist parasites are hosted by soil metazoa. Taken together, profound differences in amplification success between protist taxa and an inevitable co-extraction of protist taxa parasitizing soil metazoa obscure the true diversity of free-living soil protist communities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Soil protists, Soil Metazoan Parasites, Potential parasites, Apicomplexa, 454 Metabarcoding, High-throughput sequencing, international",
author = "Stefan Geisen and I. Laros and A. Vizca{\'i}no and M. Bonkowski and {de Groot}, G.A.",
note = "5866, TE; Data Archiving: data archived at Dryad",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1111/mec.13238",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "4556--4569",
journal = "Molecular Ecology",
issn = "0962-1083",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "17",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Not all are free-living: high-throughput DNA metabarcoding reveals a diverse community of protists parasitizing soil metazoa

AU - Geisen,Stefan

AU - Laros,I.

AU - Vizcaíno,A.

AU - Bonkowski,M.

AU - de Groot,G.A.

N1 - 5866, TE; Data Archiving: data archived at Dryad

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Protists, the most diverse eukaryotes, are largely considered to be free-living bacterivores, but vast numbers of taxa are known to parasitize plants or animals. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches now commonly replace cultivation-based approaches in studying soil protists, but insights into common biases associated to this method are limited to aquatic taxa and samples. We created a mock community of common free-living soil protists (amoebae, flagellates, ciliates), extracted DNA and amplified it in the presence of metazoan DNA using 454 HTS. We aimed at evaluating whether HTS quantitatively reveals true relative abundances of soil protists and to investigate whether the expected protist community structure is altered by the co-amplification of metazoan-associated protist taxa. Indeed, HTS revealed fundamentally different protist communities from those expected. Ciliate sequences were highly overrepresented, while those of most amoebae and flagellates were underrepresented or totally absent. These results underpin the biases introduced by HTS that prevent reliable quantitative estimations of free-living protist communities. Furthermore, we detected a wide range of non-added protist taxa likely introduced along with metazoan DNA, which altered the protist community structure. Among those, 20 taxa most closely resembled parasitic, often pathogenic taxa. Therewith, we provide the first HTS data in support of classical observational studies that showed that potential protist parasites are hosted by soil metazoa. Taken together, profound differences in amplification success between protist taxa and an inevitable co-extraction of protist taxa parasitizing soil metazoa obscure the true diversity of free-living soil protist communities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - Protists, the most diverse eukaryotes, are largely considered to be free-living bacterivores, but vast numbers of taxa are known to parasitize plants or animals. High-throughput sequencing (HTS) approaches now commonly replace cultivation-based approaches in studying soil protists, but insights into common biases associated to this method are limited to aquatic taxa and samples. We created a mock community of common free-living soil protists (amoebae, flagellates, ciliates), extracted DNA and amplified it in the presence of metazoan DNA using 454 HTS. We aimed at evaluating whether HTS quantitatively reveals true relative abundances of soil protists and to investigate whether the expected protist community structure is altered by the co-amplification of metazoan-associated protist taxa. Indeed, HTS revealed fundamentally different protist communities from those expected. Ciliate sequences were highly overrepresented, while those of most amoebae and flagellates were underrepresented or totally absent. These results underpin the biases introduced by HTS that prevent reliable quantitative estimations of free-living protist communities. Furthermore, we detected a wide range of non-added protist taxa likely introduced along with metazoan DNA, which altered the protist community structure. Among those, 20 taxa most closely resembled parasitic, often pathogenic taxa. Therewith, we provide the first HTS data in support of classical observational studies that showed that potential protist parasites are hosted by soil metazoa. Taken together, profound differences in amplification success between protist taxa and an inevitable co-extraction of protist taxa parasitizing soil metazoa obscure the true diversity of free-living soil protist communities. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

KW - Soil protists

KW - Soil Metazoan Parasites

KW - Potential parasites

KW - Apicomplexa

KW - 454 Metabarcoding

KW - High-throughput sequencing

KW - international

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/dryad.3m680

U2 - 10.1111/mec.13238

DO - 10.1111/mec.13238

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 4556

EP - 4569

JO - Molecular Ecology

T2 - Molecular Ecology

JF - Molecular Ecology

SN - 0962-1083

IS - 17

ER -

ID: 1049626