One fungus, one name: defining the genus Fusarium in a scientifically robust way that preserves longstanding use

D.M. Geiser, T. Aoki, C.W. Bacon, S.E. Baker, M.K. Bhattacharyya, M.E. Brandt, D.W. Brown, L.W. Burgess, S. Chulze, J.J. Coleman, J.C. Correll, S.F. Covert, P.W. Crous, C.A. Cuomo, G.S. de Hoog, A. Di Pietro, W.H. Elmer, L. Epstein, R.J.N. Frandsen, S. FreemanT. Gagkaeva, A.E. Glenn, T.R. Gordon, N.F. Gregory, K.E. Hammond-Kosack, L.E. Hanson, M. del Mar Jímenez-Gasco, S. Kang, H.C. Kistler, G.A. Kuldau, J.F. Leslie, A. Logrieco, Guozhong Lu, E. Lysoe, Li-Jun Ma, S.P. McCormick, Q. Migheli, A. Moretti, F. Munaut, K. O'Donnell, L. Pfenning, R.C. Ploetz, R.H. Proctor, S.A. Rehner, V.A.R.G. Robert, A.P. Rooney, B. bin Salleh, M.M. Scandiani, J. Scauflaire, D.P.G. Short, E. Steenkamp, Haruhisa Suga, B.A. Summerell, D.A. Sutton, U. Thrane, F. Trail, A. Van Diepeningen, H.D. VanEtten, A. Viljoen, C. Waalwijk, T.J. Ward, M.J. Wingfield, Jin-Rong Xu, Xiao-Bing Yang, T. Yli-Mattila, Ning Zhang

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    201 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this letter, we advocate recognizing the genus Fusarium as the sole name for a group that includes virtually all Fusarium species of importance in plant pathology, mycotoxicology, medicine, and basic research. This phylogenetically guided circumscription will free scientists from any obligation to use other genus names, including teleomorphs, for species nested within this clade, and preserve the application of the name Fusarium in the way it has been used for almost a century. Due to recent changes in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, this is an urgent matter that requires community attention. The alternative is to break the longstanding concept of Fusarium into nine or more genera, and remove important taxa such as those in the F. solani species complex from the genus, a move we believe is unnecessary. Here we present taxonomic and nomenclatural proposals that will preserve established research connections and facilitate communication within and between research communities, and at the same time support strong scientific principles and good taxonomic practice.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)400-408
    JournalPhytopathology
    Volume103
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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