Patient activation in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: associated factors and the role of insulin

Heidi A van Vugt, Anne Meike Boels, Inge de Weerdt, Eelco Jp de Koning, Guy Ehm Rutten

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: This study explored the relationship between insulin use and patient activation (a person's internal readiness and capabilities to undertake health-promoting actions) in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus and aimed to identify demographic, clinical and psychosocial factors involved in patient activation.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, baseline data from a Dutch nationwide study were analyzed. Patient activation was assessed with the Patient Activation Measure 13. A linear mixed model was used to take clustering into account.

Results: In total, 1,189 persons were included (310 of whom were on insulin), enrolled via 47 general practices and six hospitals. Their mean Patient Activation Measure 13 score was 59±12. We found no association between insulin therapy and patient activation. In the multivariable analysis, individuals with a better health status, very good or very poor social support (vs good social support), individuals who felt they had greater control over their illness and those with a better subjective understanding of their illness showed higher patient activation. Individuals with a lower educational level and those who expected their illness to continue showed a lower activation level.

Conclusion: Patient activation does not differ between individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus on insulin therapy and those on other therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalPatient Preference and Adherence
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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