Phaeoacremonium: From esca disease to phaeohyphomycosis

David Gramaje, Lizel Mostert, Johannes Z Groenewald, Pedro W Crous

    Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

    127 Citations (Scopus)


    Phaeoacremonium spp. are commonly isolated from stems and branches of diseased woody hosts, and humans with phaeohyphomycosis. The genus Phaeoacremonium (Togniniaceae, Togniniales) has recently been monographed, and presently contains 46 species, while its sexual morph, Togninia, contains 26 epithets, of which 13 are insufficiently known. In this review we summarise information pertaining to the global distribution, pathology, ecology, and detection of these species, and present a case for retaining the genus Phaeoacremonium over that of Togninia. Furthermore, to obtain a single nomenclature, the following new combinations are also proposed: Phaeoacremonium africanum, P. aquaticum, P. fraxinopennsylvanicum, P. griseo-olivaceum, P. inconspicuum, P. leptorrhynchum, P. minimum, and P. vibratile.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)759-783
    Number of pages25
    JournalFungal Biology
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Sept 2015


    • Actin
    • Beta-tubulin
    • Petri disease
    • Systematics
    • Togninia
    • Woody hosts


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