Differences among rice genotypes demonstrate that root system of upland rice cultivars influences P acquisition and growth performance. We studied root and shoot growth and nutrition of traditional and modern cultivars of upland rice as affected by P availability (three rates). At the highest P rate, the greatest dry mass was obtained with Maravilha, which was on average 180% higher than Caiapo. The modern has exceeded the traditional in growth performance, besides accumulating more nutrients. Maravilha was more efficient in root and shoot growth, and nutrient absorption with P supply, using less photoassimilates for root growth. Traditional cultivars of upland rice may develop better than modern cultivars in low P availability, with facilitates its adaptation in soils with this condition. Modern cultivars are more responsive to P fertilization, which demonstrates a better option in a cropping system with P supply to aim at high yield.
Bibliographical note6777, ME;
Crusciol, C. A. C., Momesso, L., & Nascimento, C. A. C. (2019). Phosphate fertilization on nutritional status and growth of upland rice cultivars. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 42(13), 1516-1528. https://doi.org/10.1080/01904167.2019.1628971