Phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase signaling controls survival and stemness of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells

Sasja Blokzijl-Franke, Bas Ponsioen, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Philippe Herbomel, Karima Kissa, Suma Choorapoikayil, Jeroen den Hertog

Research output: Contribution to journal/periodicalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are multipotent cells giving rise to all blood lineages during life. HSPCs emerge from the ventral wall of the dorsal aorta (VDA) during a specific timespan in embryonic development through endothelial hematopoietic transition (EHT). We investigated the ontogeny of HSPCs in mutant zebrafish embryos lacking functional pten, an important tumor suppressor with a central role in cell signaling. Through in vivo live imaging, we discovered that in pten mutant embryos a proportion of the HSPCs died upon emergence from the VDA, an effect rescued by inhibition of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K). Surprisingly, inhibition of PI3K in wild-type embryos also induced HSPC death. Surviving HSPCs colonized the caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT) normally and committed to all blood lineages. Single-cell RNA sequencing indicated that inhibition of PI3K enhanced survival of multipotent progenitors, whereas the number of HSPCs with more stem-like properties was reduced. At the end of the definitive wave, loss of Pten caused a shift to more restricted progenitors at the expense of HSPCs. We conclude that PI3K signaling tightly controls HSPCs survival and both up- and downregulation of PI3K signaling reduces stemness of HSPCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2741-2755
Number of pages15
JournalOncogene
Volume40
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Survival Analysis
  • Zebrafish

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